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215 It means, in short, the beginning of the end of the Indian problem. In carrying out this policy, I cherish the hope that all real friends of the Indian race will lend their aid and hearty cooperation. Cato Sells, Commissioner. Approved: Franklin K. Lane, Secretary. The cardinal principle of this declaration revolves around this central thought—that an Indian who is as competent as an ordinary white man to transact the ordinary affairs of life should be given untrammeled control of his property and assured his personal rights in every particular so that he may have the opportunity of working out his own destiny. The practical application of this principle will relieve from the guardianship of the Government a very large number of Indians who are qualified to mingle on a plane of business equality with the white people. It will also begin the reduction of expenditures, and afford a better opportunity for closer attention to those who will need our protecting care for some years longer. A vitally important result also will be obtained in placing a true ideal before those Indians remaining under guardianship. It will be a strong motive for endeavoring to reach the goal of competency, and prove a material incentive to a sincere effort for that end. This new declaration of policy is calculated to release practically all Indians who have one-half or more white blood, although there will be exceptions in the case of those who are manifestly incompetent. It will also give like freedom from guardianship to those having more than one-half Indian blood when, after careful investigation, it is determined that they are capable of handling their own affairs. This latter class, however, will be much more limited since only about 40 per cent of the Indians of the country speak the English language and the large majority of this latter class still greatly need the protecting arm of the Government. . . . [Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1917, pp. 3–5.] 134. Citizenship for World War I Veterans November 6, 1919 Indians who served in the military or naval establishments during World War I could be granted citizenship at their request. An Act Granting citizenship to certain Indians . Be it enacted . . . , That every American Indian who served in the Military or Naval Establishments of the United States during the war against the Imperial German Government , and who has received or who shall hereafter receive an honorable discharge, if not now a citizen and if he so desires, shall, on proof of such discharge and after proper identification before a court of competent jurisdiction, and without other examination except as prescribed by said court, be granted full citizenship with all the privileges pertaining thereto, without in any manner impairing or otherwise affecting the property rights, individual or tribal, of any such Indian or his interest in tribal or other Indian property. [U.S. Statutes at Large, 41:350.] 135. Authorization of Appropriations and Expenditures for Indian Affairs (Snyder Act) November 2, 1921 In order to expedite legislation for Indian welfare, Congress in 1921 passed an act that gave general authorization for categories of Indian expenditures. While the law itself provided no funds, it continued to be used as the basis for appropriating money, and it stated the kinds of activities authorized for the Bureau of Indian Affairs. 216 An Act authorizing appropriations and expenditures for the administration of Indian affairs , and for other purposes. Be it enacted . . . , That the Bureau of Indian Affairs, under the supervision of the Secretary of the Interior, shall direct, supervise , and expend such moneys as Congress may from time to time appropriate, for the benefit, care, and assistance of the Indians throughout the United States for the following purposes: General support and civilization, including education. For relief of distress and conservation of health. For industrial assistance and advancement and general administration of Indian property . For extension, improvement, operation, and maintenance of existing Indian irrigation systems and for development of water supplies. For the enlargement, extension, improvement , and repair of the buildings and grounds of existing plants and projects. For the employment of inspectors, supervisors , superintendents, clerks, field matrons , farmers, physicians, Indian police, Indian judges, and other employees. For the suppression of traffic in intoxicating liquor and deleterious drugs. For the purchase of horse-drawn and motor-propelled passenger-carrying vehicles for official use. And for general and incidental expenses in connection with the administration of Indian affairs. [U...


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