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212 state laws is not denied, and could not be. . . . That the Government did reserve them we have decided, and for a use which would be necessarily continued through years. This was done May 1, 1888, and it would be extreme to believe that within a year Congress destroyed the reservation and took from the Indians the consideration of their grant, leaving them a barren waste—took from them the means of continuing their old habits, yet did not leave them the power to change to new ones. . . . [207 U.S. Reports, 565, 573, 575–77.] 131. Buy Indian Act June 25, 1910 A desire to provide self-support for Indians by giving them preference in employment led to this item in a miscellaneous collection of enactments dealing with Indian property. The provision was used later in the century to stimulate Indian economic development. An Act to provide for determining the heirs of deceased Indians, for the disposition and sale of allotments of deceased Indians, for the leasing of allotments, and for other purposes. . . . . Sec. 23. That hereafter the purchase of Indian supplies shall be made in conformity with the requirements of section thirty-seven hundred and nine of the Revised Statutes of the United States: Provided, That so far as may be practicable Indian labor shall be employed, and purchases of the products of Indian industry may be made in open market in the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior. . . . [U.S. Statutes at Large, 36:861.] 132. Indian Commissioner Valentine on Indian Health Extract from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs November 1, 1910 In the twentieth century the Indian Office became increasingly aware of the serious health conditions existing among the Indians. Commissioner Robert Valentine in his annual report of 1910 indicated some of the problems and a method of attacking them. . . . . The Indian Service in its health work is not aiming merely to more effectively care for and cure those that are sick. The reduction of the death rate is not its primary interest . It is working rather to increase the vitality of the Indian race and to establish for it a new standard of physical well-being. The work is being scientifically developed along lines which have already been successfully tried out by modern preventive medicine. The principal features of this work as it is now organized are: (1) An intensive attack upon the two diseases that most seriously menace the health of the Indians—trachoma and tuberculosis ; (2) preventive work on a large scale, by means of popular education along health lines and more effective sanitary inspection; (3) increased attention to the physical welfare of the children in the schools, so that the physical stamina of the coming generation may be conserved and increased. . . . Systematic efforts are being made to educate the Indians in the schools and on the reservations as to the best methods of treating and preventing the spread of tuberculosis, trachoma, and other infectious and contagious diseases. A manual on tuberculosis, its cause, prevention, and treatment has been published by the medical supervisor and distributed throughout the service. A series of illustrated lectures for a traveling health exhibit are being prepared. A special physician ...


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