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184 issue of such co-habitation shall be, for the purpose aforesaid, taken and deemed to be the legitimate issue of the Indians so living together, and every Indian child, otherwise illegitimate, shall for such purpose be taken and deemed to be the legitimate issue of the father of such child. . . . [U.S. Statutes at Large, 26:794–96.] 113. Civil Service Classifications in the Indian Service April 13, 1891 The application of civil service rules to the Indian service began with the classification of four groups of employees in 1891. Department of the Interior, Washington, April 13, 1891. By direction of the President of the United States and in accordance with the third clause of section 6 of an act entitled “An act to regulate and improve the civil service of the United States,” approved January 16, 1883— It is ordered, That all physicians, school superintendents and assistant superintendents, school-teachers, and matrons in the Indian service be, and they are hereby, arranged in the following classes, without regard to salary or compensation: Class 1. Physicians. Class 2. School superintendents and assistant superintendents. Class 3. School-teachers. Class 4. Matrons. Provided, That no person who may be required by law to be appointed to an office by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and that no person who may be employed merely as a laborer or workman or in connection with any contract schools, shall be considered as within this classification, and no person so employed shall be assigned to the duties of a classified place. It is further ordered, That no person shall be admitted to any place not excepted from examination by the civil-service rules in any of the classes above designated until he or she shall have passed an appropriate examination under the United States Civil Service Commission and his or her eligibility has been certified to by said Commission or the appropriate board of examiners. JOHN W. NOBLE, Secretary. Executive Mansion, April 13, 1891. The Secretary of the Interior: I approve of the within classification, and if you see no reason to suggest any further modification you will please put it in force. BENJ. HARRISON. [James D. Richardson, comp., Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 9:173]. 114. Army Officers as Indian Agents July 13, 1892 One way around political appointment of Indian agents was the use of army officers as agents. This was directed in 1892 by the Indian appropriation act. An Act making appropriations for the current and contingent expenses of th Indian Department . . . . . . . . Provided, That from and after the passage of this act the President shall detail officers of the United States Army to act as Indian agents at all Agencies where vacancies from any cause may hereafter occur, who, while acting as such agents, shall be under the orders and direction of the Secretary of the Interior, except at agencies where, in the opinion of the President, the public service would be better promoted by the appointment of a civilian. . . . [U.S. Statutes at Large, 27:120–21.] ...


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