86. Establishment of a Reservation by Executive OrderMay29, 1873
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142 Protestant Episcopal, Whetstone, 5,000; Ponca, 735; Upper Missouri, 2,547; Fort Berthold, 2,700; Cheyenne River, 6,000; Yankton, 1,947; and Red Cloud, 7,000, in Dakota Territory; and Shoshone, 1,000, in Wyoming Territory. American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, Sisseton, 1,496, in Dakota Territory . Unitarian, Los Pinos, 3,000; and White River, 800, in Colorado Territory. Lutheran, Sac and Fox, 273, in Iowa. Recapitulation. The Hicksite Friends have in their charge 6 agencies, with 6,598 Indians; Orthodox Friends, 10 agencies, with 17,724 Indians; Baptists, 5 agencies, with 40,800 Indians; Presbyterians, 9 agencies, with 38,069 Indians ; Christians, 2 agencies, with 8,287 Indians ; Methodists, 14 agencies, with 54,473 Indians; Catholics, 7 agencies, with 17,856 Indians; Reformed Dutch, 5 agencies, with 8,118 Indians; Congregationalists, 3 agencies , with 14,476 Indians; Episcopalians, 8 agencies, with 26,929 Indians; the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions , 1 agency, with 1,496 Indians; Unitarians , 2 agencies, with 3,800 Indians; Lutherans , 1 agency, with 273 Indians. [House Executive Document no. 1, 42d Cong., 3d sess., serial 1560, pp. 460–62.] 86. Establishment of a Reservation by Executive Order May 29, 1873 Although Indian reservations initially were set aside by treaty stipulations, reservations were also designated by executive order of the president of the United States. An example of such creation of a reservation is that of the Mescalero Apaches in New Mexico. Department of the Interior, Office of Indian Affairs, May 23, 1873. The above diagram is intended to show a proposed reservation for the Mescalero band of Apache Indians in New Mexico; said proposed reservation is indicated on the diagram by the red lines bordered with yellow, and is described as follows, viz: Commencing at the southwest corner of the Fort Stanton reduced military reservation , and running thence due south to a point on the hills near the north bank of the Rio Rindoso; thence along said hills to a point above the settlements; thence across said river to a point on the opposite hills, and thence to the same line upon which we start from Fort Stanton; and thence due south to the thirty-third degree north latitude; thence to the top of the Sacramento Mountains, and along the top of said mountains to the top of the White Mountains; thence along the top of said mountains to the headwaters of the Rio Nogal, to a point opposite the starting point, and thence to the starting point. I respectfully recommend that the President be requested to order that the land comprised within the above-described limits be withheld from entry and settlement as public lands, and that the same be set apart as an Indian reservation, as indicated in my report to the Department of this date. Edw. P. Smith, Commissioner. Department of the Interior, May 26, 1873. Respectfully presented to the President, with the recommendation that he make the order above proposed by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. C. Delano, Secretary. Executive Mansion, May 29, 1873. It is hereby ordered that the tract of country above described be withheld from entry and settlement as public lands, and that the same be set apart as a reservation for the Mescalero Apache Indians, as recommended by the Secretary of the Interior and Commissioner of Indian Affairs. U. S. Grant. [Charles J. Kappler, ed., Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, 1:870–71.] ...


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