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86 Indians stand towards this government and those of the States.” My own views are not sufficiently matured to justify me in undertaking to present them here. To do so would require elaborate detail, and swell this report beyond its proper limits. I therefore leave the subject for the present, remarking, only, that any plan for the civilization of our Indians will, in my judgment, be fatally defective, if it do not provide, in the most efficient manner, first, for their ultimate incorporation into the great body of our citizen population. [House Executive Document no. 2, 32d Cong., 1st sess., serial 636, pp. 273–74.] 60. Superintendent of Indian Affairs in California March 3, 1852 Indian affairs in the Far West were regularized little by little. In 1852 Congress authorized a superintendent of Indian affairs for California, with powers similar to those of the superintendent at Saint Louis. An Act to provide for the Appointment of a Superintendent of Indian Affairs in California. Be it enacted . . . , That the sixth section of an act approved May sixth, eighteen hundred and twenty-two, entitled “An act to amend an act entitled An act to regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, and to preserve peace on the frontiers, approved the thirtieth March, eighteen hundred and two;” also, the fifth section of an act approved May twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and twentyfour , entitled “An act to enable the President to hold treaties with certain Indian tribes, and for other purposes,” be and the same hereby are revived, and extended to the State of California , for the purpose of establishing a superintendency of Indian affairs for said State, and that the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, be, and he hereby is authorized to appoint a superintendent of IndianAffairstoresideinsaidState,whoshall possess the same powers, and be subject to the same duties within his superintendency as belong to the Superintendent of Indians Affairs at St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, with the power also of exercising administrative examination over all claims, and accounts and vouchers for disbursements, connected with Indian affairs in the said State of California, which shall be transmitted to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for final adjudication, and by him passed to the proper accounting officers of the treasury for settlement. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said superintendent shall have an annual salary not exceeding four thousand dollars. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said superintendent shall be allowed a clerk, whose compensation for his services shall not exceed two thousand five hundred dollars per annum. [U.S. Statutes at Large, 10:2.] 61. Treaty with the Oto and Missouri Indians March 15, 1854 To make room for white settlers in Kansas and Nebraska territories, numerous treaties were negotiated with the Indians of the area by Commissioner of Indian Affairs George W. Manypenny. These treaties were noteworthy because many of them provided for the allotment of reservation land in severalty to individual Indians. The treaty with the Oto and Missouri Indians is an example. Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at the city of Washington, this fifteenth day of March, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, by George W. Manypenny, as commissioner on the part of the United States, and the following-named Chiefs of the confederate tribesoftheOttoeandMissouriaIndians,viz:Arke -kee-tah, or Stay by It; Heh-cah-po, or Kickapoo ; Shaw-ka-haw-wa, or Medicine Horse; Miar -ke-tah-hun-she, or Big Soldier; Cha-won-a- 87 ke, or Buffalo Chief; Ah-hah-che-ke-saw-ke, or Missouria Chief; and Maw-thra-ti-ne, or White Water; they being thereto duly authorized by said confederate tribes. Article 1. The confederate tribes of Ottoe and Missouria Indians cede to the United States all their country west of the Missouri River, excepting a strip of land on the Waters of the Big Blue River, ten miles in width and bounded as follows: Commencing at a point in the middle of the main branch of the Big Blue River, in a west or southwest direction from Old Fort Kearney, at a place called by the Indians the “Islands;” thence west to the western boundary of the country hereby ceded; thence in a northerly course with said western boundary, ten miles, thence east to a point due north of the starting point and ten miles therefrom; thence to the place of beginning...


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