49. Organization of the Department of Indian Affairs, June 30, 1834
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68 when goods or other property shall be seized for any violation of this act, it shall be lawful for the person prosecuting on behalf of the United States to proceed against such goods, or other property, in the manner directed to be observed in the case of goods, wares, or merchandise brought into the United States in violation of the revenue laws. Sec. 29. [Repeal of previous acts.] Sec. 30. And be it further enacted, That until a western territory shall be established, the two agents for the Western territory, as provided in the act for the organization of the Indian department, this day approved by the President, shall execute the duties of agents for such tribes as may be directed by the President of the United States. And it shall be competent for the President to assign to one of the said agents, in addition to his proper duties, the duties of superintendent for such district of country or for such tribes as the President may think fit. And the powers of the superintendent at St. Louis, over such district or tribes as may be assigned to such acting superintendent, shall cease: Provided, That no additional compensation shall be allowed for such services. [U.S. Statutes at Large, 4:729–35.] 49. Organization of the Department of Indian Affairs June 30, 1834 In 1834 Congress regularized the organization and operations of the superintendents and agents responsible for Indian affairs, thus eliminating much of the confusion and vagueness that had plagued the Indian service. An act to provide for the organization of the department of Indian affairs. Be it enacted . . . , That the duties of the governors of the territories of Florida and Arkansas, as superintendents of Indian affairs , shall hereafter cease, and the duties of the governor of the territory of Michigan, as superintendent of Indian affairs, shall cease from and after the establishment of a new territory, embracing the country west of Lake Michigan, should such a territory be established . And while the governor of the said territory of Michigan continues to act as superintendent of Indian affairs, he shall receive therefor, the annual sum of one thousand dollars, in full of all allowances, emoluments, or compensation for services in said capacity. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be a superintendency of Indian affairs for all the Indian country not within the bounds of any state or territory west of the Mississippi river, the superintendent of which shall reside at St. Louis, and shall annually receive a salary of fifteen hundred dollars. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That superintendents of Indian affairs shall, within their several superintendencies, exercise a general supervision and control over the of- ficial conduct and accounts of all officers and persons employed by the government in the Indian department, under such regulations as shall be established by the President of the United States; and may suspend such officers and persons from their office or employments , for reasons forthwith to be communicated to the Secretary of War. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the following Indian agents shall be appointed by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, who shall hold their offices for [the] term of four years, and who shall give bond, with two or more securities, in the penal sum of two thousand dollars, for the faithful execution of the same, and shall receive the annual compensation of fifteen hundred dollars. Two agents for the Western territory. An agent for the Chickasaws. An agent for the eastern Cherokees. An agent for the Florida Indians. An agent for the Indians in the state of Indiana. An agent at Chicago. An agent at Rock island. An agent at Prairie du Chien. An agent for Michilimackinac and the Sault Sainte Marie. An agent for the Saint Peter’s. An agent for the Upper Missouri. And the following agencies shall be dis- 69 continued at the periods herein mentioned, that is to say: The Florida agency, from and after the thirty-first day of December next. The Cherokee agency, from and after the thirty-first day of December next. The Indiana agency, from and after the thirty-first day of December, eighteen hundred and thirty-six. The Chicago agency, from and after the thirty-first day of December next. The Rock Island agency, from and after the thirty-first day of December, eighteen hundred and...


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