37. Treaty of Prairie du Chien, August 19, 1825
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42 stolen by a citizen of the United States. And the said Poncar tribe engage, on the requisition or demand of the President of the United States, or of the agents, to deliver up any white man resident among them. Article 6. And the Chiefs and Warriors, as aforesaid, promise and engage, that their tribe will never, by sale, exchange, or as presents, supply any nation or tribe of Indians , not in amity with the United States, with guns, ammunition, or other implements of War. . . . [Charles J. Kappler, ed., Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, 2:225–26.] 37. Treaty of Prairie du Chien August 19, 1825 Intertribal conflicts threatened the peace of the frontiers, and the United States sought to prevent such hostilities by having the Indian tribes agree to definite boundary lines and specific areas which each claimed. Tribes from the upper Mississippi were assembled at Prairie du Chien in the summer of 1825 to conclude such a pact. Treaty with the Sioux and Chippewa, Sacs and Fox, Menominie, Ioway, Sioux, Winnebago, and a portion of the Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawattomie Tribes. The United States of America have seen with much regret, that wars have for many years been carried on between the Sioux and the Chippewas, and more recently between the confederated tribes of Sacs and Foxes, and the Sioux; and also between the Ioways and Sioux; which, if not terminated, may extend to the other tribes, and involve the Indians upon the Missouri, the Mississippi , and the Lakes, in general hostilities . In order, therefore, to promote peace among these tribes, and to establish boundaries among them and the other tribes who live in their vicinity, and thereby to remove all causes of future difficulty, the United States have invited the Chippewa, Sac, and Fox, Menominie, Ioway, Sioux, Winnebago, and a portion of the Ottowa, Chippewa and Potawatomie Tribes of Indians living upon the Illinois, to assemble together, and in a spirit of mutual conciliation to accomplish these objects; and to aid therein, have appointed William Clark and Lewis Cass, Commissioners on their part, who have met the Chiefs, Warriors, and Representatives of the said tribes, and portion of tribes, at Prairie des Chiens, in the Territory of Michigan, and after full deliberation, the said tribes, and portions of tribes, have agreed with the United States, and with one another, upon the following articles: Article 1. There shall be a firm and perpetual peace between the Sioux and Chippewas ; between the Sioux and the confederated tribes of Sacs and Foxes; and between the Ioways and the Sioux. Articles 2–9. [Designation of boundary lines between the tribes and description of areas claimed by specific groups of Indians.] Article 10. All the tribes aforesaid acknowledge the general controlling power of the United States, and disclaim all dependence upon, and connection with, any other power. And the United States agree to, and recognize, the preceding boundaries, subject to the limitations and restrictions before provided . It being, however, well understood that the reservations at Fever River, at the Ouisconsin, and St. Peters, and the ancient settlements at Prairie des Chiens and Green Bay, and the land property thereto belonging, and the reservations made upon the Mississippi , for the use of the half breeds, in the treaty concluded with the Sacs and Foxes, August 24, 1824, are not claimed by either of the said tribes. Article 11. The United States agree, whenever the President may think it necessary and proper, to convene such of the tribes, either separately or together, as are interested in the lines left unsettled herein, and to recommend to them an amicable and final adjustment of their respective claims, so that the work, now happily begun, may be consummated. It is agreed, however, that a Council shall be held with the Yancton band of the Sioux, during the year 1826, to explain to them the stipulations of this treaty, and to procure their assent thereto, should they 43 be disposed to give it, and also with the Ottoes , to settle and adjust their title to any of the country claimed by the Sacs, Foxes, and Ioways. Article 12. The Chippewa tribe being dispersed over a great extent of country, and the Chiefs of the tribe having requested, that such portion of them as may be thought proper, by the Government of the United States, may be assembled in 1826, upon some part of Lake Superior, that the objects and advantages of this treaty...