34. Authorization of Treaties;Trade Regulations, May 25, 1824
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38 Auditor’s Office for settlement, after examination and approval by you; submitting such items for the sanction of this Department as may require its approval. The administration of the fund for the civilization of the Indians is also committed to your charge, under the regulations established by the Department. You are also charged with the examination of the claims arising out of the laws regulating the intercourse with Indian Tribes, and will, after examining and briefing the same, report them to this Department, endorsing a recommendation for their allowance or disallowance . The ordinary correspondence with the superintendents, the agents, and sub-agents, will pass through your Bureau. I have the honor to be, Your obedient servant, J. C. Calhoun Thos. L. M’Kenney, Esq. [House Document no. 146, 19th Cong., 1st sess., serial 138, p. 6.] 34. Authorization of Treaties; Trade Regulations May 25, 1824 Fur traders on the Missouri River experienced hostility from Indians and demanded government action to protect their interests. Congress authorized the president to make treaties of trade and friendship with the tribes beyond the Mississippi and to provide a military escort for the commissioners. The act also included important provisions regarding the Indian trade, especially the designation of specific sites at which the trade had to be conducted. An Act to enable the President to hold treaties with certain Indian tribes, and for other purposes. Be it enacted . . . , That the sum of ten thousand dollars be, and the same hereby is, appropriated, to defray the expenses of making treaties of trade and friendship with the Indian tribes beyond the Mississippi: and that the said sum shall be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose of negotiating said treaties, on the part of the United States, the President shall be, and he hereby is, authorized to appoint suitable persons for commissioners, and to fix their compensation, so as not to exceed what has been heretofore allowed for like services. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the President shall be, and hereby is, authorized to appoint two sub-agents to be employed among the Indian tribes, on the waters of the Upper Missouri, whose annual salary shall be eight hundred dollars each, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of Indian agents to designate , from time to time, certain convenient and suitable places for carrying on trade with the different Indian tribes, and to require all traders to trade at the places thus designated, and at no other place or places. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the superintendent of Indian affairs at St. Louis, and his successors in office, shall possess all the powers, and be subject to all the duties of governors of territories, when exercising the office of superintendents of Indian affairs, and shall exercise a general supervision of the official conduct and accounts of Indian agents within his superintendency. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the sum of ten thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to enable the President of the United States to furnish a competent military escort to the commissioners authorized to be appointed by this act, if, in his opinion, the same shall be necessary. [U.S. Statutes at Large, 4:35–36.] ...