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The§acreD Oral Tradition of the Hava§upai The§acreD Oral Tradition of the Hava§upai Edited by Frank D. Tikalsky, Catherine A. Euler, and John Nagel “Every so often one is pleasantly surprised by a great rumored manuscript that is finally available in published form. This is one of those occasions. After almost eight and onehalf decades this invaluable collection of Havasupai myths, collected by the great ethnographer Leslie Spier, is available to the interested scholar and the general public. This earliest compilation of American Indian myths in the Southwest is a landmark of the region’s ethnography.” —george j. gumerman, School for Advanced Research “This collection of forty-eight stories is the earliest, most complete, most accurate rendition we now have of the prehistoric cultural library that was carried for centuries in the minds of Havasupai headmen and elders. Every winter they passed the stories on to the young of each generation, thus adding to their chances of survival in one of the most challenging environments on earth. . . . “In both living memory and current practice Havasupai oral tradition remains extraordinarily powerful. In precontact times those with strong memory skills were accorded higher social status—these stories were the only TV and radio that existed. Yet they were far more than entertainment—they were a living library of religious and cultural information.” —catherine a. euler, Chapter 3, “History, Leadership, and Language” “Although much of the Havasupais’ life has changed over the past few centuries, their isolation, the beauty of their canyon home, and their success in recovering rights to their original lands have allowed them better fortune than many other Native Americans. Yet for any group of people, the past is irretrievable. This is reflected in the Havasupai stories that make up this volume, expressing their feelings about their origin, their past, each other, and their traditional way of life.” —douglas w. schwartz, Chapter 2, “The Changing Life of the Havasupai” As Retold By Elders and Headmen Manakaja and Sinyella 1918–1921 Tikalsky, Euler, and Nagel The Sacred Oral Tradition of the Havasupai: As Retold by Elders and Headmen Manakaja and Sinyella, 1918–1921 Translators: Tribal members Mark Hanna, Lillie Burro, Jess Chickapanega, and West Sinyella Anthropologists and Transcribers: Leslie Spier, Ph.D., and Erna Gunther, Ph.D. Contributors: Robert C. Euler, Ph.D., and Douglas W. Schwartz, Ph.D. Contributors and Editors: Frank D. Tikalsky, Ed.D., Catherine A. Euler, Ph.D., and John Nagel, M.D. early in the twentieth century, Leslie Spier and Erna Gunther, graduate students trained by anthropologist Franz Boas, hiked to the bottom of the Grand Canyon to learn about and record living Havasupai culture. In the process, they asked two Havasupai leaders and elders for every story they could remember. These were translated by native speakers and transcribed by the young anthropologists. Yet for unknown reasons Spier never published the whole collection of fortyeight stories, one of the earliest, most complete translations of an entire Native American oral tradition. Passed from Spier Frank D. Tikalsky, Ed.D., is a clinical psychologist. He lives in Bayfield, Colorado. Catherine A. Euler, Ph.D., is a historian currently teaching at the University of Arizona. John Nagel, M.D., is a psychiatrist in Fort Collins, Colorado. jacket photograph: Molly Mulgullo. Mother of Havasupai Tribal Chairman Lee Marshall. Courtesy © Robert C. Euler, 1956. jacket design: Melissa Tandysh American Indians | Religion | Anthropology University of New Mexico Press isbn 978-0-8263-4931-6 ËxHSKIMGy349316zv*:+:!:+:! to anthropologist and Havasupai scholar Dr. Robert C. Euler, the stories, published here for the first time in book form with the permission of the Havasupai Tribal Council, are a cultural library and a cultural treasure that reflect an ancient Yuman-language mythological tradition. Publication, which has occurred in consultation with the council and elders, restores them to the People (Pai/Pa/Pah) from whom they arose. In addition to the forty-eight stories, the volume includes essays on the cultural prehistory of the Grand Canyon and the cultural life of the Havasupai, as well as an overview of Havasupai history, leadership, and language and an introduction to scientific thought on sacred story and mythology. —continued on back flap 800-249-7737 The Sacred Oral Tradition of the Havasupai figure 2: Sinyella, who served as one of five Lesser Headmen. He narrated Havasupai traditional stories to Leslie Spier between 1918 and 1921 and to Erna Gunther in 1921. Photograph by Karl Moon, ca. 1910. Photograph courtesy of the Havasupai Tribal Collection. figure...


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