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Index agada medicine, 65, 99, 142 n. 77 “all forms of [disorders of] qi,” 57, 58, 59, 60, 62, 63, 64, 102, 141 n. 60; first articulated in Hejiju fang, 60; Kajiwara Shōzen’s understanding of, 60, 63–64; sources of formulas for in Ton’ishō and Man’anpō, 60 aromatic stomachics, 57–58 Avatamsaka Sutra, 62 baths: Chinese, 145 n. 14; for infants, 43; medicinal, 19, 71, 72, 145 n. 14; and rai treatment, 71, 72, 73 battle service reports, 91, 92, 151 n. 15; wounds noted in, 151 n.  17–18, 152 n. 19, 152 n. 21–22, 153 n. 23 Beiji jiu fang, 33 Beiji qianjin yaofang, 30, 85 Bencaojing, 50 Bian Que (Chinese physician), 74, 78, 126 n. 26, 145 n. 30 Buddhism: analogy for explaining illness of the mind, 61–62; idea of karmic illness, 68, 70, 77–83; injunction to heal, 12, 15–16, 62; nosology of illness, 77–79 Buddhist medicine: Healing Bodhisattva, 93; Healing Buddha, 74, 146 n. 31; nosology and etiology, 68–69, 70, 76, 77–81, 82–83; prayer used in, 73–74, 145 n. 30, 146 n. 31 Buddhist monks: charitable works, 15–16, 18–20; as cultural transmitters, 7–9, 10–12, 13–14, 17–18, 23; interest in medicines, 8–14, 19–20, 100–101, 126 n. 26; networks of, xiv, 7–8, 12–20, 100–101 Buddhist monks, individual: Cihong, 23; Daishi seng, 23; Daoguang, xix, 23; Daomiao, 23; Dōshō, 13–14, 126 n. 24; Eisai, 8–10, 110; Eison, 16, 18; Enni Ben’en, 10–14; Ennin, 7; Gahō, 81–82; Ikkyū, 60, 141 n. 63, 144 n. 6; Ippen, 15; Jisshō, 13, 14; Jōjin, 7; Jōshun, 18, 19; Kajiwara Shōzen, qv.; Kakujō, 101; Ken’i, 47; Kōshū, 81–82; Langyuan fang, 23; Lanxi Daolong, 17, 23; Mingji Chujun, 14; Myōnin, 24; Nichiren, 68, 78, 80, 88, 147 n. 50; Ninshō, 16, 18–19, 129 n. 47; Qingzhuo ōshō, 23; Renki, 26, 50, 138 n. 18; Rennyo, 146 n. 37 Bureau for Emending Medical Texts, 29 Changxin, 23 Chao Yuanfang, 61 192     index Chen Shiwen, 11 Chen Yan, 61 Chen Ziming, 33, 34–35 China goods, 22, 48, 71 China ships, 22, 48 Chinese medicine: changes in, 56–57; changes in materia medica used in, 57–59; ideas on women’s medicine, 41–43, 44–45; impact of printing on, 28–31; influence on Japanese wound medicine, 102–104, 104–105, 110–111; Islamic influences on, 57–59; knowledge of in Japan, 8–10, 13–14, 23, 26–27, 31–34, 37, 39–41, 42–45, 50–51, 61–62, 82–84, 85–87, 102–104; nosology and etiology, 59–60, 61, 63, 68–69, 77–79, 82–86, 87, 102–103 Chinese residents: Hakata, 6–7, 10; Kamakura, 22–23, 64; Nara, 94 Chōboji, 13, 18; and Ritsu Precept sect, 18 Chōsei ryōyōhō, 26, 50 Chu Yushi, 37, 39, 40, 134 n. 31, 135 n. 40 Cihong, 23 corpse-transmitted disease, 54, 72, 81–82, 83, 88, 118–119, 148 n. 54 Daguan bencao, 27, 52, 132 n. 4 Daidō ruijūhō, 26 Daihatsu nehan gyō. See Mahayana Perfection of Wisdom Sutra Daishi seng, 23 Daoguang, xix, 23 Daomiao, 23 Dayiju fang, 37 Dazaifu, 4–5, 6, 10, 21 Denshibyō nijūgo hō, 81–82 Dōshō, 13–14, 126 n. 24 Dried Infant, 93–94, 154 n. 37 Eisai, 8–10, 110; and Kissa yōjōki, 8–10 Eisei hiyōshō, 27 Eison, 16, 18 Enni Ben’en: and China, 10; and Dōshō, 13; and Mujū Ichien, 13; in Hakata, 10; interest in medicine, 11–12, 13; support network of, 10; and Tōfukuji library, 10–11 Ennin, 7 Fengke jiyan mingfang, 33 formulas: adjusted for individual cases, 35–36; Buddhist monks, interest in, 9–10, 12–14, 126 n. 26; Chinese, changes in, 57–59; compared in Ishinpō and Man’anpō, 56–57; compared in Waitai miyao fang and Hejiju fang, 58–59; increased complexity of, 56–59; Islamic, 57–58; Kajiwara Shōzen comments on, 32–33, 39–41, 43, 51–52, 54–55, 62–65, 71–72, 86, 94–95, 126 n. 24, 140 n. 46; in Kissa yōjōki, 9; and rai illness, 71– 72, 86–87; sources for in Man’anpō and Ton’ishō, 31–32; substitution of materia medica in, 55–56; Ton’ishō as a source for wound medicine formulas, 105–107...


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