List of Acronyms
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xvii List of Acronyms ACP countries African, Caribbean, and Pacific countries AD Agreement Antidumping Agreement AFTA ASEAN Free Trade Area Agreement ASEAN Association of Southern Eastern Asian Nations BIS Bank of International Settlements CACM Central American Common Market CARICOM Caribbean Community and Common Market CEMAC Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa CIEL Centre for International Environmental Law CIGI Centre for International Governance Innovation CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna COMESA Common Market of East and South Africa CRTA Committee on Regional Trade Agreements CTD Committee on Trade and Development DDR Doha Development Round DG WTO Director-General DSB Dispute Settlement Body DSM Dispute Settlement Mechanism DSU Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes EC European Communities ECJ European Court of Justice ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council ECOWAS Economic Community of Western Africa EDGE Network Emerging Dynamic Global Economies Network EPAs Economic Partnership Agreements EU European Union FAO Food and Agriculture Organization (UN) FOGS Functioning of the GATT System FTA free trade agreement GATS General Agreement on Trade in Services GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade GPA Agreement on Government Procurement GSP Generalized System of Preferences IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the World Bank) ICJ International Court of Justice IDRC International Development Research Centre IEO Independent Evaluation Office (IMF) IGO inter-governmental organization, ILO International Labour Organization IMF International Monetary Fund IMFC International Monetary and Finance Committee IO international organization ITO International Trade Organization LDCs least developed countries MERCOSUR Common Southern Market (Mercado Común del Sur) MFN most-favoured-nation NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) NGOs non-governmental organizations NTBs non-tariff barriers OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development OTC Organization for Trade Cooperation Quad U.S., EC, Japan, and Canada, a negotiating group in Uruguay Round RTAs Regional Trade Agreements SACU Southern African Customs Union SADC Southern African Development Community SCM Agreement Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures S&D special and differential treatment SDR Special Drawing Rights Secretariat Secretariat of the World Trade Organization xviii List of Acronyms SPS Agreement Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Physosanitary Measures TBT Agreement Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade TNC Trade Negotiations Committee TPR trade policy review TRPB Trade Policy Review Body TPRM Trade Policy Review Mechanism TRIPS Agreement Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNDP United Nations Development Program UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change USTR United States Trade Representative VCLT Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties WAEMU Western Africa Monetary Union WHO World Health Organization WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization World Bank International Bank for Reconstruction and Development WTO World Trade Organization WTO Agreement Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization List of Acronyms xix This page intentionally left blank ...


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