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Index 289 aborigines, rights of, 242 abortion of potentially disabled babies, 32 Abraham, Ernest, 168 “Academy for the Deaf and Dumb,” 104 Africa: rejection of ASL in, 244; South African Sign Language, 245; subSaharan , 247 African American deaf students, 29 Agricola of Heidelberg, 68 Agung, Dewa, xi Ahlgren, Inge, 222 aid as imperialism, 243–46 The Albion Magazine, 200–1 alienation of deaf people, 148–77. See also eugenics; oralism alphabets. See manual alphabets American Breeders Society, 29 American deaf education: bilingual programs , 222; Braidwoods and, 134–37; cost of, 190; deaf teachers, 199; first school for the deaf, 136–37; higher education, 142–43; institutionalization of teacher training, 199; IQ testing , 51; methodological signs, development of, 137–39, 159; natural sign language, 155–62; nineteenth century, 132–36; oralism, 183 (see also oralism ); rival schools, 137–38; women trainees for oral method in, 197 American Eugenics Society, 29 American Sign Language (ASL), 220, 244 ancient attitudes toward deaf people and sign language, 67 Anderson, Ben, 236 animals, marginalization and classification of, 23–25 Anne of Jesus, 14 Anthony, David, 213 apprenticeship system to train teachers of the deaf, 194–96 Ariès, Philippe, 191–92 Aristotle, 87 Arnold, Thomas, 163, 164–68, 196 Arnot, Hugo, 102 articulation. See oralism; speech ASL. See American Sign Language Association for the Oral Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb and Training College for Teachers, 196–97 Asylum for the Support and Education of the Deaf and Dumb Children of the Poor (London), 41, 124–25 asylums, 36, 49, 104, 105, 122 Atkinson, Joseph, 141 audiometry, 201, 204–5, 206 audiphone, 200, 201 aural surgery. See surgery Australia: Auslan, 227, 240–43, 247; combined method versus oralism, 185; deaf teachers in, 143; diagnosing and classifying children in, 46; hospitals for severely disabled children, 49; immigrants, refusal to let enter, 248; institutionalizing deaf as mentally retarded, 48; IQ testing, 51; mainstreaming , 52–54; manual alphabets, 81; oralism, 206–7; Princess Elizabeth Index_GUPress_193022 3/21/02 9:31 AM Page 289 Australia (continued) kindergarten, 207; “Public Interest Criteria” of Migration Act, 248–49; teacher training, 178, 206 Australian Nucleus-22 implant, 227 automata, 23, 24 Bacon, Francis, 16, 17, 22, 67 Baker, Charles, 130, 156, 158, 159, 188, 195–96 Baker, Henry, 93, 96–100, 104, 156 Baker, William, 97–98 Bali, Indonesia, xi, 6 Ballestra, abbé, 166 Bamgbose, Ayo, 247 Banham, Debby, 62 Barker, Charles, 162–64 Barland, James, 140–41 Battie, William, 40 Baynton, Douglas C., 133 Bazot, A.M., 107 BDA. See British Deaf Association BDDA. See British Deaf and Dumb Association beauty map, 29 Bébian, Roch-Ambroise-Auguste, 158, 159 Bede, 68 Bedlam, xiv, 21, 23 begging, 7 Bell, Alexander Graham: day schools favored by, 192; development of hearing equipment, 200, 201; development of technology to test hearing, 175, 201; goal to promote the “wellborn ,” 30–31; against marriage between deaf people, 152–53; Royal Commission appearance by, 181; teacher training, preference for women, 199; views of, 152–53, 184 Berger, Peter L., 14 Berman, Marshall, 23 Bernal, Brian, 207 Berthier, Ferdinand, 144, 159 Bethlehem Royal Hospital, 21 Biesold, Horst, 153 bilingualism in deaf education, 220–24, 247 Binet, Alfred, 47 Binet Scale, 47 Bingham, H.B., 195 Bird, G., 53–54 Birmingham school, 129, 158–59 Bishop, Juliet, 218–19 Blake, William, 18 boarding schools, 191 body snatchers, 39 Bolling, Thomas, 102, 103 Bone, Edward, 61 Bonet, Juan Pablo, 69, 76 Boswell, John, 5 Bourdieu, Pierre, 44–45, 60, 214 Boyle, Robert, 19, 20, 79, 84, 101 Braidwood, Isabella, 134, 135, 194 Braidwood, John, 101, 111, 134–37, 156, 159, 194–95 Braidwood, Thomas, 100–4, 110, 111, 135, 156, 159, 194–95 Braidwood heritage, 179, 194, 195–96 Britain: boarding schools, 191; committee to review educational provisions for handicapped children, 50; compared to France, 92, 112–13, 129, 144, 156; compulsory medical services in schools, 189; eighteenth century, 87–88; English as language used throughout British Empire, 124; fifteenth century, 13–14; funding of schools, 187–88; historical use of sign language, 61–62; IQ testing, 51; manual alphabets, 63, 81; National Curriculum, 219; public schools, 191; regional sign language variations, 243; seventeenth century, 66–90; wars in twentieth century, 187–88. See also British deaf education British Deaf and Dumb Association (BDDA), 127, 185 British Deaf Association (BDA), 189, 211, 214, 220, 221, 238 British deaf education, 79–84, 124–32, 162–68, 181–96; apprenticeship system to train teachers, 194–96; bilingual programs, 222; books and printed...


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