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177 Bibliography 3X, Allen and Eugene Majied. “Through Lies, Distortions, Misquotes: Seek to Turn Black Man against Muhammad.” Muhammad Speaks (April 21, 1972): 15. 14X, Larry. “Fundraising Dinner a ‘Quiet Success’: Unity, Dominant Theme at Muhammad Hospital Fund Affair.” Muhammad Speaks (January 31, 1975): 4. 67X, Charles. “He Lives On!” Muhammad Speaks (March 14, 1975): 2. Abu Shouk, Ahmed I., J. O. Hunwick, and R. S. O’Fahey. “A Sudanese Missionary to the United States: Sāttī Mājid, ‘Shaykh al-Islām in North America,’ and His Encounter with Noble Drew Ali, Prophet of the Moorish Science Temple Movement.” Sudanic Africa 8 (1997): 137–91. Ali, John. “Whiteman and the Hypocrites Love Malcolm.” Muhammad Speaks (October 3, 1969): 20–21. Ali, Noble Drew. The Holy Koran of the Moorish Science Temple of America. N.d. ———. Humanity. N.d. ———. Koran Questions for Moorish Americans. N.d. ———. Moorish Literature. N.d. “Allah’s Last Messenger Answers Questions You Have Always Wanted to Ask! Muhammad Meets the Press!” Muhammad Speaks (February 4, 1972): 3–4. Ansari, Z. I. “Aspects of Black Muslim Theology.” Studia Islamica 53 (1981): 137–76. Arnal, William E. “Definition.” In Guide to the Study of Religion, 21–34. Edited by Willi Braun and Russell McCutcheon. New York: Cassell, 2000. Arrington, Carolyn. Black Explorer in Spanish Texas: Estevanico. Austin, TX: Eakin Press, 1986. Austin, Allan D. African Muslims in Antebellum America: A Sourcebook. New York: Garland Publishing, 1984. ———. African Muslims in Antebellum America: Transatlantic Stories and Spiritual Struggles. New York: Routledge, 1997. Baghdadi, Ali. “Middle East Report.” Muhammad Speaks (March 14, 1975): 2. ———. “Who’s behind the Splinter Group? Messenger’s Attackers Exposed.” Muhammad Speaks (May 5, 1972): 2. Barboza, Steven. American Jihad: Islam after Malcolm X. New York: Doubleday, 1994. 178  Bibliography Berg, Herbert. “Early African American Muslim Movements and the Qur’an.” Journal of Qur’anic Studies 8.1 (2006): 22–37. ———. “Elijah Muhammad: An African American Muslim mufassir?” Arabica: Revue d’études Arabes 44 (1997): 1–27. ———. “Elijah Muhammad and the Qur’an: The Evolution of His tafsır.” The Muslim World 89.1 (January 1999): 40–55. ———. “Mythmaking in the American Muslim Context: The Moorish Science Temple, the Nation of Islam, and the American Society of Muslims.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 73.3 (September 2005): 685–703. Beynon, Erdmann Doane. “The Voodoo Cult among Negro Migrants in Detroit.” American Journal of Sociology 43 (July 1937–May 1938): 894–907. “The Black Supremacists.” Time (August 10, 1959): 24–25. Braun, Willi. “Religion.” In Guide to the Study of Religion, 3–20. Edited by Willi Braun and Russell McCutcheon. New York: Cassell, 2000. Burley, Dan. “Pomp, Mysticism Key to Power: Elijah Muhammad Part II.” Chicago Defender (August 22, 1959): 1–2. ———. “Portrait of a Shrewd Cult Leader.” Chicago Defender (August 15, 1959): 1–2. “Chicago Mayor Proclaims Muslim Saviour’s Day: ‘Nation of Islam Day’ Feb. 26, 1975.” Muhammad Speaks (February 14, 1975): 1. Clegg, Claude Andrew, III. An Original Man: The Life and Times of Elijah Muhammad . New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997. Curtin, Philip D. The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Census. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969. Curtis, Edward E., IV. Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960–1975. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006. ———. Islam in Black America: Identity, Liberation, and Difference in AfricanAmerican Islamic Thought. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002. “Dakota Says There’s No Connection ’Tween Her Faith, Muhammed.” The Pittsburgh Courier (August 1, 1959): 3. Dannin, Robert. Black Pilgrimage to Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. DeCaro, Louis A., Jr. On the Side of My People: A Religious Life of Malcolm X. New York: New York University Press, 1996. “Decree Akbar Muhammad.” Muhammad Speaks (January 1, 1965): 9. Diouf, Sylviane A. Servants of Allah: African Muslims Enslaved in the Americas. New York: New York University Press, 1998. Dowling, Levi H. The Aquarian Gospel of Jesus the Christ: The Philosophical and Practical Basis of the Religion of the Aquarian Age of the World and of the Church Universal, Transcribed from the Book of God’s Remembrances, Known as the Akashic Records. London: Fowler, 1930 [1908]. El-Amin, Mustafa. The Religion of Islam and the Nation of Islam: What Is the Difference ? Newark, NJ: El-Amin Productions, 1991. Bibliography  179 Essien-Udom, E. U. Black Nationalism: A Search for an Identity in America. New York: Dell, 1962. Farrakhan, Louis. “Muslim ‘Feud’ a Hoax, Farrakhan Explains.” Muhammad Speaks (February 22, 1974): 3. Fauset...


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Subject Headings

  • Black Muslims -- Doctrines.
  • Elijah Muhammad, 1897-1975.
  • Islam -- United States -- History.
  • African American Muslims -- United States -- History.
  • Black Muslims -- Relations -- Islam.
  • Islam -- Relations -- Black Muslims.
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