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Index Adorno, Theodore, 211–12 Agrarian Law(s), 60–61 Almond, Gabriel, 204–7 Aquinas, Saint Thomas, 45–49; and reason, 46–47, 48; and the state, 47–48 Arendt, Hannah, 182–84, 214–16 Aristotle, 9–19; Arendt and, 216; critique of Plato, 14–16, 18; and the family, 10–12; and the mixed constitution, 15–19; and reason, 16–17; and slavery, 11; suspicion of economic activity, 12–14, 18 Augustine, Saint, 30–38; attack on classi/ cism, 34; and the Church, 35–36, 37, 38; on sin, 30–31, 33, 34, 38; and the state, 34–35, 36–37; and the two cities, 31–32 Bellah, Robert, 224 Brady, Henry, 244–45 Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 179–82 Burke, Edmund, 157–60; attack on French Revolution, 157–59; criticism of Enlight/ enment, 159–60; and inequality, 160; tradition and custom in, 158–59 Christian Commonwealth, 28–54 Cicero, 22–26; and the mixed constitution, 24–25; and property, 23–24; and Roman republicanism, 22–26 Civil society: in Aquinas, 45–49; in Arendt, 214–16; in Aristotle, 9–19; in Augustine, 30–38; in Burke, 157–60; and capitalism, 199–232; and the Christian Commonwealth , 28–54; in Cicero, 22–26; and class, 17–18, 202–3, 205, 207, 244–45; and communism, 132–43, 171–98, 199, 208–11; in contemporary thought, 171–250; in Dante, 49–50; in Eastern Europe, 173–98; and the family, 10–12, 15, 124; in Ferguson, 91–96; in Haber/ mas, 219–24; in Hegel, 121–32; in Hobbes, 70–80; in Kant, 110–18; in Locke, 84–90; in Luther, 62–70; in Machiavelli, 57–62; in Marcuse, 212–14; in Marsilius of Padua, 52–54; in Marx, 132–43; in medieval thought, 39–54; in Montesquieu, 145–49; in Plato, 4–9; as political community, 3–80, 236–37; in Putnam, 226–32; in Rousseau, 149–57; in Smith, 96–108; as sphere of intermedi/ ate organization, 144–69, 174, 188–89, 191–98, 200–208, 222–50; as sphere of necessity, 121–40, 174, 214–16, 237–38; and the state, 4, 9–10, 14–16, 22–23, 34–36, 42–54, 71–76, 90, 103–8, 115–43, 161, 163, 166–67, 173–95; in Tocqueville, 160–69. See also Christian Commonwealth; Community; Markets; State Community: in contemporary theory, 224–50; in Ferguson, 91–95; and indi/ vidualism, 6–8, 90; in Rousseau, 150, 152–57; state and, 106–8; Tocqueville and, 165–66. See also Private interests Culture industry, 211–12, 213 Dante Alighieri, 49–50 Donatists, 35–36 Enlightenment, 88–108, 111; Burke’s criti/ cism of, 159–60; and emphasis on reason, 89–90; growth of markets and, 88–89; Horkheimer and Adorno on, 211–12 Epicurus, 19 Family: in Aristotle, 10–12; in Hegel, 124 Ferguson, Adam, 91–96; civil society and moral development in, 91–94; theory of unintended consequences, 94–95 281 282 | Index French Revolution, 113–14, 118–23, 127– 28, 132, 134, 137; Burke’s attack on, 157–59; Tocqueville and, 162–63, 167 Friedrich, Carl, 179–82 Geist, 122, 123. See also Hegel, G. W. F. Gramsci, Antonio, 208–11 Habermas, Jürgen, 219–24 Havel, Vaclav, 193, 194–95 Hayek, Friedrich, 177–79 Hegel, G. W. F., 121–32; assessment of French Revolution, 122, 123; theory of the state, 123. See also Universalism Hobbes, Thomas, 70–80; and calculating individual, 72–77; and constitutive power of the state, 71–76, 78–79; as transitional figure, 78–80; and transition to civil soci/ ety, 71 Horkheimer, Max, 211–12 Hume, David, 110 Inequality: in Burke, 160; as constitutive of civil society, 66–67, 104, 126–28, 132, 141, 195, 244–50; as danger to civil soci/ ety, 12–14, 60–61, 95–96; Montesquieu and, 148–49; Tocqueville and, 161, 165, 168–69 Interest groups, 201–8 “Investiture controversy,” 43–45 Kant, Immanuel, 110–18; and categorical imperative, 112–13; criticism of Hume, 110; and public sphere, 113–15; as republican , 113–17 Lenin, Vladimir Ilich, 175–76, 209 Locke, John, 84–90; and individual inter/ ests, 86–87; and natural rights, 84–85; theory of property and reliance on eco/ nomic processes, 84–88; as transitional figure, 88 Luther, Martin, 62–70; autonomy of conscience and separate spheres, 62–64, 67–70; and political obedience, 67–68; reliance on princes, 64–66, 68 Machiavelli, Niccolò, 57–62; on civic decline , 60–61; on politics and leadership, 57–59...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780814722831
Related ISBN
9780814722077
MARC Record
OCLC
45844125
Pages
288
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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