General Index
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General Index AAB form (of the blues), 42-43, 46-50, 176-80 AB-plus-refrain form, 50 absence of drums, 51 additive rhythms, 100 African drum from Virginia, 7 "African roots," 4, 21 African song-style areas (Lomax), 94 Afro-Asiatic languages, 60 Afro-Latin music, 51 algeita (alghaita), 88-89 dlo, 43—46, 144 alter ego, 40 Amerindian population, 12 Ancient Nigritic Cultures, 68 Ancient Nigritic song-style cluster, 95 Ancient Nigritic Style, 81, 94 Anglo-American folk music, 16 anti sorcery, 34 apala, 46 Appalachian mountains, 12, 15, 16, 30 Arabic (language), 61 Arabic-Islamic influences, 46, 93 Arabic-Islamic musical intrusion, 94 Arabic-Islamic singing techniques, 193 Arabic-Islamic style, 80 Arabic-Islamic stylistic component, 94 Arabic-Islamic world, 72, 93, 94 arhoolies, 26 Asante apentemma, 7 asymmetric time-line patterns, 51, 54—55, 58,63 Atlantic seaboard states, 12, 47 Azande harpists, 24 ba-kponingbo, 130 ballroom dance-band, 157 ballroom instruments of the 19205, 157 balo, 187 bamboula, 51 bandore, 8 banger, 9 bangwe, 30—32 banjer, 8 banjo, 8, 16, 25, 47, 65, 93, 157-59 Bantu languages, 49 bardic style (East African), 48 bardic tradition, 50 batd, 131 batuque, 107 bebop, 106, 119, 121, 163, 181 btnta, 17 Benue-Congo (I.A.5) languages, 26, 54, 60, 62 big band jazz, 165 binary aesthetic terminology, 85 "birthplace" hypothesis (of the blues), 49 Black-American English, 66 blackface minstrelsy, 65, 103 blue devil, 29 "blue note of the blue note, the," (Evans), 148 blue note(s), xvi, 78, 86, 114, 118—51, 156 Blues characteristics, 82-96 Blues (core area of African or origins), 101 blues' cultural genealogy, 197 blues form, 41 blues harmonica, 89 blues lyrics, 28 Blues recordings compared with material from the West Central Sudan, 71—81 Blues Stylistic Regions, 82-83 blues texts, 29 blues tonal system, xvi, 118—51 "bo diddley," 16, 89 Bogadi Brothers, 179 Index 2)3 to/on, 93 "bones" (concussion sticks), 58 boogie-woogie, 33, 143, 174 bourdon, 83—84, no bowed lute(s), 7, 47, 65,72 Brazilian samba, 4 bridge-harp, 7, 69, 93, 188, 195 British four-line ballad, 197 Iwfca, 131 call-and-reponse (concept, form, organization ), 50, 85—86 "caiques" (Coolen), 67 calypso, 27, 155 canebrakes of Texas, 20 "canned heat," 40 carangam, 17 cattle pastoralists, 66 cha-cha-cha, 155 cha~cha~cha~cha, 55 chacha, 156 "chacta," 51 Chadian language(s) (III.E.), 70 chantefabks, 27—28, 30, 45 chimurenga, 176 cbipendani, 12, 14 chord sequence, 108 Christianity (Christian beliefs), 23 Civil War, United States (1861-65), 29,47, 98, 100 "clave," 57 Cleveland Museum of Art, 62 cognitive hinge, 200 "collective guilt" (feeling of), 195 Comoros islands, 49 "Concert and Dance," 162 contre-banjo, 156 convergence (processes of), 82 "cool" jazz intonation, 156 cord-and-peg tension, 7 cotton gin (old), 13 cotton plantation, 47 "counjaille," 51 Count Basic band, 43 Count Basic orchestra,165 court music (FulBe and Hausa), 95,99 Creole song, 51 Cuban clave pattern, 57 cultural comprehension test (Kubik), 46 cultural invariables, 57 cultural underground currents, 97 culture shock, 48 "cupping" the ear, 89 cycle, 43, 53-54, 58, 92, 163 cycle number(s), 54—55 daacol, 89 declamatory Hausa style, 80 declamatory vocal style, 63,95 Deep South, 3,16,19, 25,29-30, 47, 82-83, 94, 98—100, 197 Delta. SeeMississippi Delta "Delta" or "Deep South" blues style,83 depression, 28, 40 devil(s), 21—24 devils' masks (Venezuela), 22, 222 Devil's Son-in-Law, The, 24 "diddley bow," 16, 100 diphonic singing, 113 divergence (processes of), 82 dog (symbolizing alter ego), 40 dominant, 105, 113, 118 dominant chord, 42, 126-27 Donald Kachamba's Kwela Band, xiii double bells, 132-34 "dropped leaves," 12 dundun, 131, 156 East African cattle complex, 64 Eastern Sudanic languages (II.E.),145 ebonies, 26, 84 Index m efu, 89 eight-pulse stick pattern, 26,58 elementary pulsation, 43, 58, 163 elementary pulses, 55,58 Elias and His Zig-Zag Jive Flutes, 167 Emancipation, 28 ending rhymes,3 epithets, 40 equiheptatonic scale, 120, 122 equiheptatonic third, 120 equiheptatonic tunings, 119 equipentatonic, 125, 145 ESU, 21, 22, 24 Euro-American traditions, 3 European I-IV-V harmony, 80 extrovert position (in some of the blues), 40 "Exu," 53 Ja > 22 "faction" (Alex Haley), 188 "female-range" partial-based scalar pattern , 135-45 fiddle (one-stringed), n, 63,71-73, 87 fiddle(s), 8, 25, 28, 47, 64, 65 field holler, 26, 65, 85...