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Marie Elaine Danforth, Stephen L. Whittington, and Keith P. Jacobi Appendix. An Indexed Bibliography of Prehistoric and Early Historic Maya Human Osteology: 1839-1994 In his discussion of the burials recovered at Piedras Negras, William Coe noted, "Observations and measurements, when feasible, have been given in the hope that someday there will be sufficient data for a revealing synthesis of Maya skeletal remains" (Coe 1959: 121). More than 35 years later, such a synthesis still remains to be produced. Although some might argue that sufficient data will never exist because of poor bone preservation in the region, it also seems that researchers are not always fully aware of the rather substantial literature on prehistoric Maya skeletal biology that has emerged during the last 150 years in the United States, Mexico, and other countries. With this bibliography, we attempt to remedy this situation by presenting an exhaustive, indexed list of those publications that appeared in print or on microfilm by the end of 1994. Included are references concerning paleodemography , paleopathology, skeletal morphology, and cultural modifications. We hope that this work, the product of extensive exploration of diverse sources from nearly a dozen countries, will allow other researchers to exploit more readily the valuable comparative data and interpretations available in this literature. We located the publications in various manners . Many of the older references came from review articles of Maya burial practices (Blom 1954; Ricketson 1925;Ruz 1965, 1968;Thompson 1939; Welsh 1988). Several Latin American journals were systematically searched, including Anales de Antropologia (1964 -1983), Anales del Instituto de Antropologia e Historia (1909-1975), Ancient Mesoamerica, Antropologia e Historia de Guatemala, Boletin de fa Escuela de Ciellcias A11tropoL6gicas de La Universidad de Yucatan (1973 -1990), Estudios (Universidad de San Carlos) (1993-1995), Estudios de eu/tura Maya, Latin American Antiquity , Mexicon, Revista Mexicana de Estudios Antropol6gicos (1927-1977), and Yaxkin (1977-1987). We also examined several extant bibliographies of physical anthropological and Latin American anthropological literature 229 (Cobb 1944; Genoves et al. 1964; Krogman 1943, 1945; Stewart 1952, 1970; Valle 1971; Villanueva and Serrano 1982). Other useful sources of citations were the San Diego Museum of Man Paleopathology Citation Database , which is in development, and Paleopathology Newsletter. Finally, a number of references came from personal correspondence , searches of on-line library databases, postings to computer newsgroups, and reviews of others' bibliographies. From these sources, we further investigated those citations with promising titles and ones that we knew discussed human burials. With only a few exceptions, we personally examined each publication. Our criteria for including citations in the bibliography were: (1) the material had to present data concerning Maya populations , although cultural affiliation was liberally interpreted; (2) the material had to consider osteological evidence, thereby eliminating a variety of entries, including ethnohistoric or artistic treatments of health questions, purely archaeological discussions of mortuary customs, and references in which the author discussed the presence of human remains but gave no further information; and (3) the material had to be published in print or microfilm format by the end of 1994. Research reports distributed only to funding or government agencies and unpublished manuscripts available only by contacting the author directly were excluded. Dissertations awarded in the United States that are available from University Microfilms International have been included, but master's theses, honors papers, and most Latin American and European dissertations do not appear in this bibliography. Abstracts of papers presented at the annual meetings of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and the annual meetings and European members' meetings of the Paleopathology Association are listed because they are published either in regu230 Danforth, Whittington, and Jacobi lar issues of, or as supplements to, their respective journals. We indexed the contents of each reviewed publication according to the type and quality of information contained so that users of the bibliography can judge whether they might be valuable to the particular research being conducted . Each citation is assigned a sequential identification number. The number is in bold print if the primary emphasis of the publication is on Maya skeletal biology. It is. in regular print if the publication contains only scattered information of interest. It is in italics if we were unable to locate and review the work. A citation's identification number appears in the index under one or more categories that reflect geographic, demographic, temporal , health, and cultural variables. In reviewing publications, if a particular pathological condition , cultural modification, or morphological trait was generally even mentioned, then the citation 's identification number was...


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