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Index 369 Abbot, Willis, 165 Abbott, Lawrence F., 148 Abbott, Lyman, 15, 110, 275. See also Outlook Aboukir Bay (ship), 59 Addams, Jane: and American League to Limit Armaments, 40; heads Women’s Peace Party, 99, 146, 231; and Hague congress, 99; visits warring capitals, 100; meets Wilson, 100; and National Peace Federation, 101; attacked by Roosevelt, 101; meets with House, 134; and Ford peace ship, 135; opposes preparedness movement, 146; prominent in Progressive party, 203; backs Wilson’s reelection, 209; seeks league for international rights, 254 Adventure (magazine), 108 Ainsworth, Fred C., 151 Albert (king of Belgium), 29, 142, 241 Albert, Heinrich, 113–14, 132 Algonquin (ship), 278, 279 Ambrosius, Lloyd E., 299 America and the German Peril (Okie), 132 America Fallen! (Walker), 106 American Defense (journal), 110 American Defense Society (ADS), 110–11 American Embargo Conference, 53 American Federation of Labor, 148, 196, 297 American Humanity League, 53 American Independence Conference, 211 American Independence Union, 53 American League to Limit Armaments, 40, 153 American Legion, 108–9 American Line (shipping), 257, 274 American Machinist, 90 American Neutral Conference Committee, 208, 231, 251, 254. See also Emergency Peace Federation (EPF) American Neutrality League, 53 American Peace Society, 101, 102, 133, 254 American Rights Committee (ARC), 148, 246, 256, 266, 275, 278. See also Putnam , George Haven American Socialist, 148 American Truth Society, 17. See also O’Leary, Jeremiah American Union against Militarism (AUAM): organized, 195; delegates meet with Wilson, 195–96; and 1916 election, 209; endorses Wilson’s “peace without victory” speech, 245; opposes break with Germany, 251; and armed neutrality, 269, 285. See also Anti-Preparedness Committee Ancona (ship), 127–28, 302 Anderson, Chandler P., 49, 96 Anti-Militarism Committee, 149 Anti-Preparedness Committee, 195. See also American Union against Militarism antipreparedness movement: organizations espousing, 40, 149, 195; activity of, 113, 146, 148–49, 195–96 Appam (ship), 256 “Appeal to the American People” (arms embargo petition), 90 “Appeal to the American People” (Wilson), 21 Arabia (ship): 219–20 370 Index Arabic (steamer): sinking of, 92, 116–17; public reaction to sinking of, 117, 121, 125; House and Lansing on sinking of, 117, 118; Wilson and, 118, 305; British on investigation of, 123. See also Arabic pledge Arabic pledge: German pledge given, 118–19; matter remains open, 120–21; Germany offers indemnity, 121; and German decision to attack armed merchantmen, 163; pledge violated, 167; Wilson ignores pledge, violations, 257 Archibald, James F. J., 114, 116 armed ships: Lansing’s modus vivendi plan concerning, 155–60; Gore-McLemore proposals concerning, 160–66; Wilson’s letter to Stone on, 161–62 Armenia, 126–27, 141, 212 Armenian (ship), 85 arms embargo and trade embargo: German Americans favor, 16, 53, 90; House opposes , 51, 55, 92; Bryan opposes, 53, 55, 56, 89; German anger concerning arms trade, 53, 89; congressional proposals concerning, 53, 57, 91, 184; arguments regarding, 54–56, 227; Lansing opposes, 55, 56; and Wilson, 55, 86–87, 91; press on, 55–56, 57, 65, 90; and Bernstorff memorandum, 89–90; sentiment favoring , 90; and attempted Morgan assassination , 91; and Burián protest, 91–92 Army and Navy Journal, 35, 269 Army League, 39 Army Reorganization Act (1916). See HayChamberlain Act Army War College, 106, 108, 261 Ashurst, Henry F., 275, 291 Asquith, Herbert: meets with Page, 10; sees little threat in U.S. note (Dec. 26, 1914), 49; favors prohibiting trade with Germany, 64; meets with Jane Addams, 100; meets with House, 142; opposes House-Grey memorandum, 143; defends 1916 Paris economic conference, 177–78; fears American mediation, 216; resigns as prime minister, 216; peace terms presented by, 229 Austria. See Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary: and war responsibility, 19–20, 24, 25, 26; Wilson on preservation of, 22, 23, 244; and Declaration of London (1909), 46; protests U.S. arms trade, 91–92; underground activity of, 114–16; and Ancona incident, 127–28; favors Lansing’s modus vivendi plan, 158; and subject nationalities, 180; seeks negotiation, 217, 228, 262–63; pessimistic on war outcome, 229 Axson, Stockton, 4 Aztec (ship), 285 Bacon, Robert, 40, 110, 111, 204–5 Badger, Charles J., 35–36, 154 Bailey, Thomas A.: on U.S. honoring British blockade, 48, 52; on strict accountability note, 61, 302; on Lusitania crisis, 74, 79, 87; on Cushing, Gulflight, 74, 79; on second Lusitania crisis, 129; on Wilson’s letter to Stone (Feb. 24, 1916), 162; on Sussex crisis, 172 Bailey, Warren Worth, 215, 255 Baker, Newton Diehl, 153, 252, 260, 261, 282 Baker, Ray Stannard, 42...


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Subject Headings

  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Diplomatic history.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Public opinion.
  • Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1913-1921.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- United States.
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