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appendix Figure 1 Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 223 Xaripu (“Xaouripo” on the map) appears in Abraham Ortelio’s 1579 map of New Spain. Below Chapala Lake, Xaripu appears slightly southeast of Xiquilpa and southwest of Xacona (two more noticeable points on the map). Table 2.1  Background Information of Participants in California Birth Marital Name Year Birthplace Education Status Work Migration 1 Olivia 1960 Xaripu 14 married service infrequent 2 Julia 1968 Xaripu 12 married service frequent 3 Anita 1968 Xaripu 8 married factory frequent 4 Cecilia 1969 Xaripu 12 married agriculture frequent 5 Delia 1972 Aguas 6 married agriculture frequent 6 Martina 1972 Xaripu 16 married service infrequent 7 Rosalía 1974 Stockton 18 married service somewhat 8 Tita 1974 Stockton 18 single service infrequent 9 Valencia 1975 Stockton 16 single service frequent 10 Lucina 1976 Stockton 12 single service frequent 11 Elias 1962 Xaripu 12 single factory infrequent 12 Alberto 1968 Xaripu 12 married factory somewhat 13 Margarita 1910 Xaripu 5 widow retired frequent 14 Carolina 1925 Xaripu 3 married homemaker frequent 15 Nena 1925 Xaripu 0 married homemaker frequent 16 Paz 1928 Xaripu 4 married homemaker frequent 17 Ana 1937 Xaripu 4 married homemaker frequent 18 Martha 1940 Xaripu 5 separated agriculture somewhat 19 María 1941 Xaripu 5 married agriculture infrequent 20 Lupe 1941 Xaripu 5 married agriculture frequent 21 Cristina 1943 Xaripu 7 married homemaker somewhat 22 Luis 1923 Xaripu 0 married agriculture frequent 23 Armando 1923 Xaripu 2 married retired frequent 24 Alejandro 1924 Xaripu 0 married agriculture frequent 25 Raul 1932 Xaripu 4 married agriculture frequent 26 Juan 1934 Xaripu 2 married agriculture frequent 27 Gregorio 1939 Xaripu 3 married agriculture infrequent 28 Lionel 1943 Jalisco 5 married agriculture infrequent 29 Danilo 1947 Xaripu 14 single retired/but frequent 30 Luis 1956 Xaripu 8 married agriculture frequent Education: number of years completed in school Migration: refers to the frequency of movement across borders as “frequent” (at least once every one to three years), “somewhat” [frequent] (once every four to six years), and “infrequent ” (every seven or more years) Table 2.2  Background Information of Participants in Michoacán Birth Marital Name Year Birthplace Education Status Work Migration 1 Nico 1951 Xaripu 18 single teacher frequent 2 Fidel 1935 Xaripu 0 separated retired frequent 3 Angelica 1981 Xaripu 10 single unemployed never 4 Chana 1960 Xaripu 10 single unemployed never 5 Miranda 1962 Xaripu 10 married commerce never 6 Alondra 1964 Pachuca 16 married teacher never 7 Lorena 1967 Xaripu 14 single notary never 8 Conchita 1976 Xaripu 10 single unemployed never 9 Blanca 1977 Xaripu 10 single unemployed never 10 Paula 1979 Xaripu 10 single unemployed never 11 Samuel 1956 Xaripu 20 married doctor never 12 Alfredo 1964 Zacapu 16 married teacher never 13 Jesus 1971 Xaripu 10 married butcher frequent 14 Antoñio 1979 Tecolote 12 single unemployed never 15 Leopoldo 1980 Tarimoro 10 single construction never 16 Nadia 1914 Xaripu 2 widow homemaker never 17 Gloria 1929 Xaripu 0 widow commerce never 18 Consuelo 1931 Xaripu 0 married commerce never 19 Rita 1941 Xaripu 5 single commerce never 20 Rosa 1949 Xaripu 6 married commerce never 21 Marcos 1927 Cancun 0 retired agriculture somewhat 22 Victor 1943 Xaripu 3 married commerce never 23 Valentin 1947 Xaripu 2 married agriculture never 24 Felipe 1947 Xaripu 12 single unemployed never 25 Modesta 1895 Xaripu 0 widow homemaker never Education: number of years completed in school Migration: refers to the frequency of movement across borders as “frequent” (at least once every one to three years), “somewhat” [frequent] (once every four to six years), “infrequent ” (every seven or more years), and “never” (never migrated) Figure 2  Marital Status by State Table 4.1  Family Farmwork Piece-Unit Productivity: Summers 1978, 1980, and 1981 Pay by Crop piece Papá Mamá Sylvia Luis Jorge Total $ 06-JUL-78 tomato .35 80 78 0 74 76 107.80 07-JUL-78 tomato 0.35 80 78 68 80 84 136.50 08-JUL-78 none .00 0 0 0 0 0 .00 09-JUL-78 none .00 0 0 0 0 0 .00 10-JUL-78 cucumber .60 42 0 48 46 54 114.00 11-JUL-78 tomato .35 54 0 44 54 56 72.80 12-JUL-78 tomato .35 94 88 64 98 100 155.40 13-JUL-78 tomato .35 62 68 54 62 70 110.60 80 60 40 20 0 Married Separated Single Widow STATE CA MICH Marital Status Percent Table 4.1...


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