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Index a priori method of inquiry, 138 rationalism, 61–62 reasoning, 17, 32 abduction, 9, 25, 53, 112 and pragmatism, 25 logic of, 25 perception as, 24, 112 perfect, 24 abilities invariant-extraction, 102 optical, 103 lower-order, 90, 103, 116 measurement, 105 optical, 103 routine, 116 Aboulafia, Mitchell, ix, x, 158 Abrams, Laura, 119, 122 absolutism, 6, 44, 65 pragmatist, 150 abstract definition as distinctness, 51, 55 entities, 67 Achilles and the tortoise, 25, 27, 33, 137 action, 126, 150, 170 and enactivism, 115 and evidence, 72 and interpretation, 117 and logic, 26 and perception, 80–115 and sensible effects, 7, 12, 15, 63, 66, 67, 115, 183 as a black box, 105, 176 as a thing, 67 conceivable, 22–24, 42, 53, 80 concrete, xi, 16, 19, 150–153 experience constituted by, 115 experimentation as, 26, 42 free, 40 habit as a manner of, 11 habit, and belief, 5, 10–12 higher-order, 116 intended, 61 lower-order, 100, 116, 175–176 practical, 162 principled, 149 prudent, 39 purpose of, 11 purposive, 26, 54 reform as, 125, 128–129 residence as, 129 rule of, 1, 10–11, 14, 161 attunement as, 99 habit as a, 1, 10–12, 14, 89, 140–144 heuristic as, 114 sensorimotor, 81 systems, 84, 93 to be informed, 116, 117, 128 to perceive, 116, 117 to reform, 116, 117, 128 two conceptions of, 7, 63 types, 48, 67–68, 100, 175, 183 invariant-extraction, 99 active intervention, 70 observation, 70, 117 activity, 5, 37, 57, 110 203 204 / INDEX bodily, 83 cognitive, 73 effects of, 16, 170 experimental, 15, 29, 57 investigatory, 34 laboratory, 21, 32 measurement, 21, 31, 57, 71 modes of, 69 observational, 15, 21, 58, 59 operational nature of, 60, 113 perceptual, 57 reflective deliberation as, 128 research as, 128 tactile, 73 vs. existence, 60 worldly, 80 actuality as temporal modality, 50 adaptation, 96, 100 attunement as, 99 Addams, Jane, xii, 116–125 affordances, 85–93, 97, 102, 103, 112–113, 138, 170 as constraints on behavior, 93 as ecological, 88, 92, 93 as higher-order invariants, 90–93 defined, 90–91 direct perception of, 87–94 for an animal, 87, 101 for an observer, 91 higher-order, 91 information about, 97 learned, 99 meanings as, 99 objective, 87 of an environment, 87, 91, 116, 168 of an object, 90, 101–102, 116 operational character of, 115 perceivable, 89, 103, 169 specified by attunements, 99–102, 114, 169 habits, 100 higher-order invariants, 90–91, 101, 115, 169 systems of, 87 values as, 88, 99 vs. predictions, 100 vs. properties, 87 vs. stimuli, 92 aggregation principle, 136 agreement, 20, 25, 33 Aiken, Scott, 1–2, 20 Alinsky, Saul, x, xi ambient optical array as information storehouse, 83–84, 108–111, 168 analytic /synthetic distinction, 65 consequence, 174 empiricism, 26 philosophy, 2, 7, 26, 63, 71 anarchy, 138–140 anatomy, 93 Answers.com, 122 anthropology, 117 cultural, 118 moral, 146 physiological, 146 pragmatic, 146 prudential, 147, 151 social, 118 technical, 147 anti-foundationalism, 3 appearances, veil of, 33–35 apprehension clearness of, 2, 9, 12, 51 approximation, 34 Aquinas, Thomas, 28 aristocracy, 138–140 Aristotle, 28 assertion, 138 assignment, inferential, 113–115 association as ecological fact, 98 as higher-order stimulus, 98 as invariance of stimulus combinations, 91, 98 formation, 98 learned, 98 learning by, 93, 98 of variables of information, 98 atomism, 7, 44, 63, 68, 161 INDEX / 205 attention deictic, 31 education of, 98 perceptual, 84–85 selective, 92 attributes, see tangible results as accidental, 46 vs. substance, 45, 46 attunement, 93–103, 110 as a rule of action, 99 as achievement, 100 as adaptation, 99 as fit, 99–100 as fixation, 99 as habituation, 173 as higher-order fixation, 97 as invariance relation, 102, 113 as law-like, 99 mathematically formulated, 100, 101, 113 organism/environment, 93, 99, 100 successive, 96, 110 systemic, 102 to associations, 98 to regularities, 108, 112, 113 Austin, John L., 57 authority, 17, 32, 89, 138, 154 Averbuch, Lazarus, 123 awareness, 84 of objects, 86, 87, 113, 114 vs. perception, 86, 87, 113 axiomatic method, 9, 44, 131, 171, 174, 182 Ayer, Alfred J., 2, 16, 44, 47 Bain, Alexander, 5, 36 Baldwin, James Mark, 6 Barwise, Jon, 56–57 beer, reality of, 35 behavior, 27, 84 constrained by affordances, 92 habitual, 29 belief, 1–6, 10, 11, 16–19, 36–42, 44, 45, 48, 143, 148, 151, 152, 159, 163 ancient, 18 and reference to the future, 50 as an invariant, 88...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780253009623
Related ISBN
9780253009548
MARC Record
OCLC
1080549827
Pages
256
Launched on MUSE
2019-01-02
Language
English
Open Access
No
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