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Notes Introduction 1. Cindy Yurth, “Putting Them on the Map: Native Cartographer Offers a Different Picture of America,” Navajo Times, January 7, 2013, news/2013/0113/011713map.php#.U6pVA164mlI. 2. 3.Yurth,“PuttingThemontheMap”;AlysaLandry,“ChangingPerceptionsandMaking Connections—One Map at a Time,” Indian Country Today, March 10, 2015, http:// -connections-one-map-time-159925;HansiLoWang,“TheMapofNativeAmericanTribesYou ’veNeverSeenBefore,”NPR,“Codeswitch:FrontiersofRace,Cultureand Ethnicity,” June 24, 2014, the-map-of-native-american-tribes-youve-never-seen-before. 4. Facebook Group, Native American and American Indian Issue, comments responding to Aaron Carapella’s July 26, 2015, post of NPR article “The Map of Native American Tribes You Have Never Seen Before,” NAAIissues/search/?query=tribal%20nations%20map. 5. Debbie Reese, “American Indians in Children’s Literature,” June 25, 2014, http:// -american.html. 6. -do-not-do. 7. Facebook Group, Native American and American Indian Issues, comments responding to Aaron Carapella, July 26, 2015, post of NPR article, “The Map of Native American Tribes You Have Never Seen Before,” /search/?query=tribal%20nations%20map. This belief that mapping is inherently “un-Indian” has academic adherents. Peter Nabokov has argued that the term “indigenous cartography” is a “problematic cover term for the often opposed vested interests 234 / notes to introduction of cartography and cosmology . . . [where] the real-world consequences of that opposition are clearly visible on any maps of the shrunken Indian land base today” (Nabokov , “Orientations from Their Side,” 245, 249, 261). 8. Gena Pone’s comment on American Indians in Children’s Literature, June 25, 2014, -native-american.html. 9.FacebookGroup,NativeAmericanandAmericanIndianIssues,commentsresponding to Sparky Malarkey Schwakhofer-Coxon’s untitled post from August 20, 2015, www. 10. Karl Jacoby succinctly articulates this dilemma: “To ignore . . . Native epistemologies risks draining the project of recapturing Native history of much of its meaning . At the same time, however, this very same impulse also risks rendering Native American histories distinct from other forms of history, transforming each into a unique and isolated version of the past” (Jacoby, “Indigenous Empires and Native Nations: Beyond History and Ethnohistory in Pekka Hämäläinen’s The Comanche Empire,” History and Theory 52 [February 2013]: 64; see also Melissa L. Meyer and Kerwin Lee Klein, “Native American Studies and the End of Ethnohistory,” in Studying Native America, ed. Thornton, 182–216; R. White, “Using the Past: History and Native American Studies,” ibid., 217–43; Porter, “Imagining Indians: Differing Perspectives on Native American History”; Richter, “Whose Indian History?”; and Mihesuah, ed., Natives and Academics; and Martin, ed., The American Indian and the Problem of History). 11. Nietschmann, as qtd. in Wood, Rethinking the Power of Maps, 134. Numerous scholars have used these Nietschmann quotes as points of departure (see Joe Bryan, “Where Would We Be without Them? Knowledge, Space, and Power in Indigenous Politics,” Futures 41 [2009]: 24–25). 12. Wheat, Mapping the Trans-Mississippi West 1540–1804, 2:43. 13. This is my answer to Jean M. O’Brien’s call to “challenge national narratives that naturalize Indian conquest and erase Indian peoples from the landscape” (see O’Brien, “Colonialism,” paper presented at “Keywords in Native American Studies” conference, University of Michigan, January 11–13, 2008, as taken from Barr, “Geographies of Power,” 9n8). 14. Sparke, In the Space of Theory, 12. 15. In this way, I build on work from the history of science. As Neil Safier writes, “The manner by which indigenous peoples of the Americas and elsewhere actually contributed to processes of collection, codification, and dissemination of inquiries into the natural world has in turn become a core issue for those attempting to write more integrated and global histories of science” (Safier, “Global Knowledge on the Move: Itineraries, Amerindian Narratives, and Deep Histories of Science,” Isis 101, no. 1 [March 2010]: 133–45 [quote on 136]). 16. Continental Congress, “The Northwest Ordinance,” July 13, 1787, 17. Matthew Edney was among the first to point out the importance of the rhetoric of enlightened cartographic science in the expansion of empires (Edney, Mapping an Empire). See also Burnett, Masters of All They Surveyed; Craib, “Cartography...


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