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173 NOTES Much of the material in this book is drawn from my experiences over fifty years of public service. More information can be found in the Grant J. Merritt Papers (1947–­ 1984) located at the Minnesota Historical Society in St. Paul, Minnesota. Prologue 1. Grant J. Merritt Papers, 1947–­ 1984, box 2, file 4, Minnesota Historical Society. The Merritt Family and the Mesabi Iron Range 1. Alfred Merritt, “Reminiscences,” 7. Personal memoir from our family ’s collection. 2. Ibid., 9. 3. Paul de Kruif, Seven Iron Men: The Merritts and the Discovery of the Mesabi Range (1929; repr., Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007), 157. 4. Twentieth Annual Report of the Minnesota Geological and Natural History Survey, 113. 5. David A. Walker, Iron Frontier: The Discovery and Early Development of Minnesota’s Three Ranges (1979; repr., St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2004), 100–­ 101. 6. Ibid., 100–­ 105; de Kruif, Seven Iron Men, 185. Notes 174 7. Frank A. King, The Missabe Road: The Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway (1972; repr., Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003), 48. 8. Walker, Iron Frontier, 105–­ 6. 9. King, Missabe Road, 111. 10. Ibid., 75. 11. Joseph Wilmer Thompson, “An Economic History of the Mesabi Division of the Great Northern Railway Company to 1915” (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana–­ Champaign, 1956). 12. Walker, Iron Frontier, 117. 13. Ibid., 186. 14. Ron Chernow, Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. (New York: Random House, 1998), 385 and n. 86. 15. Allan Nevins, Study in Power: John D. Rockefeller, Industrialist and Philanthropist . 2 vols. (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1953). 16. Mr. Nevins and my father, Glen Merritt, as well as two of his sisters, engaged in considerable correspondence with him. I have copies of all those letters. Mr. Nevins’s responses indicate that he wrote this story believing that Gates told the truth. He said he had “great confidence in the integrity and accuracy of Mr. Gates.” My dad said in a reply to Nevins that Rockefeller “even made a desperate attempt to withdraw these ore properties (Rockefeller ’s) from the (joint consolidation) in January of 1894 and this can be proven by a glance at the records of this trial, which are all available here in the files of the District Court.” 17. Merritt, Reminiscences, 10. 18. Letter from Glen J. Merritt to Allan Nevins, author’s private archive. 19. Duluth Herald, June 29, 1951, 1. 20. St. Paul Pioneer Press, November 17, 1990. 21. Thompson, “An Economic History,” 204–­ 13. A letter dated February 7, 1899, in the James J. Hill collection from D. M. Philbin to James N. Hill and forwarded to James J. Hill, shows that Philbin was working for the Hill interests; personal visits by the author with his father Glen J. Merritt and Albro Martin, author of the biography of James J. Hill. 22. New York World magazine, February 18, 1917, 1. 23. New York World magazine, February 25, 1917, 1. 24. Don W. Larson, Land of the Giants: A History of Minnesota Business (Minneapolis : Dorn Books, 1979), 100. 25. Andrus Merritt, The Story of the Mesabi (1934), 259–­ 62. Manuscript collection, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul. 26. Chernow, Titan, 392–­ 93. Notes 175 27. Theodore C. Blegen, Minnesota: A History of the State. 2nd ed. (Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, 1975), 366. 28. Norman K. Risjord, A Popular History of Minnesota (St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2005), 139. 29. Ibid. 30. Marvin G. Lamppa, Minnesota’s Iron Country: Rich Ore, Rich Lives (Duluth : Lake Superior Port Cities, 2004), 120. 31. Interview with Glen J. Merritt, circa 1970. 32. Robert V. Bartlett, The Reserve Mining Controversy: Science, Technology, and Environmental Quality (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1980), 56. Environmentalism and the Reserve Mining Controversy 1. Milton and Kermit’s father, Edward Mattson, was a commercial fisherman who built the two-­ story log home adjacent to the dock, which is now on the National Register of Historic Buildings. 2. Author’s journal, November 5, 1967. 3. Ibid. 4. The plank became part of the printed DFL party platform for 1968. 5. Thomas F. Bastow, This Vast Pollution: United States of America v. Reserve Mining Company (Washington, D.C.: Green Fields Books, 1986), 6–­ 7. 6. Ibid., 8. 7. Stanley Ulrich, Timothy J. Berg, and Deborah Hedlund, Superior Polluter (Duluth: Save Lake Superior and Northern Environmental Council, 1972), 10. 8. Permits issued on December 18 and 22, 1947, by the Minnesota Department...

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