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109 Conclusion When Hospice Inc. (soon renamed the Connecticut Hospice) opened in New Haven in 1975, Florence Wald was appointed director. Soon, however, the board of directors began to receive complaints from staff members that she tried to insert herself into every aspect of their work, and after a year, she was asked to resign. Nevertheless, she remained actively involved in the hospice movement , traveling frequently to promote the establishment of programs throughout the country. In the 1990s, she joined the board of the National Prison Hospice Association,which trained inmates to serve as hospice volunteers within state correctional facilities. She explained that the hospice model was especially important for prison inmates because they often felt a sense of failure about their lives. In addition, the volunteers gained confidence, showing “that even in this terrible situation, something good can happen, a sense of possibility emerges.”1 Although Wald’s tenure at Hospice Inc. was brief,her extraordinary contribution to its creation won recognition . She was awarded an honorary degree from Yale University, inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame, and named a Living Legend by the American Academy of Nursing. She died at the age of ninety-­ one in 2008. Edward F. Dobihal played a major role in establishing Hospice Inc. and served as the first chair of its board of directors. Later he was instrumental in founding both a New Haven halfway house for people with mental illness and a group dedicated to helping elderly Hamden residents stay in their homes. His coauthored book When a Friend Is Dying: A Guide to Caring for the Terminally 110 Prelude to Hospice Ill and Bereaved appeared in 1984.2 He remained director of the department of religious ministries at Yale New Haven Hospital (YNHH) and associate clinical professor at Yale Divinity School until 1990,when he became pastoral consultant to the Yale School of Nursing and the department of religious ministries at YNHH. He also continued to participate actively in the civil rights and peace movements.3 He retired from Yale in 1989 and died in 2015. Despite Wald’s fears that Ira S. Goldenberg would lose interest in her project, he was a leading member of the group planning Hospice Inc. and later served as the vice chair of the board of directors. In a 1979 article in the Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons, he wrote that the hospice “is a reaffirmation of all the precepts of good medical care that physicians have been practicing for generations.These precepts sometimes become lost in the maze of modern medical practice, but they must become prominent again.”4 Until his death from a heart attack at fifty-­seven in 1982,he remained a clinical professor of surgery at Yale Medical School. He was an early advocate of replacing the radical mastectomy with less mutilating surgery.5 A 2012 history of the cancer program at Yale referred to him as one of the clinical professors who had made major contributions to cancer treatment.6 Morris Wessel was another leader of the group responsible for establishing Hospice Inc. Throughout his career, he continued to be deeply concerned about bereaved children and adolescents. His article,“A Death in the Family:The Impact on Children,”appeared in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 1975. In addition , he was one of the first pediatricians to point out the dangers of lead poisoning in children. When he retired in 1993, hundreds of family members, former patients, and friends attended a celebration of his life in a New Haven park. A New York Times article about the event described him as “a much-­ loved New Haven doctor .”7 The same year, he received the American Academy of Pediatrics Practitioner Research Award. He died in 2016. When Wald’s study ended, Katherine Klaus worked briefly on the committee planning the new hospice before concluding that Conclusion 111 she did not want to become involved in the politics surrounding it. She devoted the rest of her career to school nursing.8 Donna Diers remained on the faculty of the Yale University School of Nursing,serving as dean from 1972 to 1985.The author of numerous academic articles on nursing and health policy, she was editor of Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship for eight years.In the 1970s, she was a member of the Yale group that classified hospital cases into diagnosis-­ related groups; that research laid the basis for the prospective payment system instituted by...


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