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Index Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations. Acapulco, 142 Acosta, José de, 81 African slavery: in the early Spanish Caribbean , 40; and “wolof” slaves, 46; regulations concerning, 51, 72–73, 84, 89, 96; in the pearl fisheries, 58 (see also Vernacular language; Vernacular practice), 87, 96, 101; in pearl-fishing ventures, 85, 134; depictions of, in art, 222, 223 Allori, Alessando, 113, 115, 116, 117 Almeida, Lope de, 120–121 Amsterdam: jewelry trade of, 178, 218–220 Arawak (Lokono) Indians, 37, 38 Arbitristas, 128; and proposals for pearl fishing, 132–133 Azores: pearl dealings in, 50, 75, 112 Baiona: trade within, 164–174 Baroque: etymology of, 9, 9n. 8; as metaphor , 11, 11n. 11, 26n. 29, 128–129, 193, 193n. 1, 240n. 64, 240–241, 248, 251–253, 252n. 8, 253n. 9; scholarship on, 266– 268 Baroque pearls: in jewelry, 2, 188, 243, 244; in art, 3, 244, 245, 254; categorization of, 57, 59, 157; popularity of, 60, 219–220, 243, 248–249; images of, 177; as gifts, 199; and African slavery, 252–253, 254, 255, 256 Bartolomé, Domingo, 99. See also­Technology Bermuda: pearl fishing near, 196–197 Black Legend, 79–80 Brazil, 83; and enslaved Indians, 84, 91; and pearl-fishing ventures, 143–144; in art, 191–192 Buchan, Robert, 206–210, 238 Cabinets of curiosities, 245–247, 246 Cabo de la Vela: pearl fisheries in, 83, 90 Cabrera, Luis de, 86. See also Technology California: pearl-fishing ventures in, 133– 147; indigenous pearl divers of, 146 Cape Verde: enslaved divers from, 46, 91, 130 Capitulations (capitulaciones), 1, 23, 29 Caracas, 97, 99 Cardona Company: California pearl-fishing ventures of, 133–143 Carib Indians, 38 Cartagena: as center of pearl trade, 148–149; and Inquisition prosecutions, 179–190 Casta paintings, 161, 162 Catholic Monarchs (Reyes Católicos), 19–21, 26, 29. See also Ferdinand II of Aragon; Isabel I of Castile Champlain, Samuel: observations of, on pearl diving, 92, 95 Charles I and V (of Spain): election of, to Holy Roman emperor, 38; and diplomacy with pearls and pearl fishing, 55–56, 60–61; and baroque pearls, 60; attention of, to pearl fisheries, 71, 75–76 Charles II (of England): and marriage to Catherine of Braganza, 218; and courtesans , 221–227 Christina, queen of Sweden, 208–210 Cobo, Bernabé: and description of the Pearl Coast, 129–130 Coche Island: as pearl-fishing center, 34, 87; ecology of, 36 Colombia: indigenous laborers from, 90 Columbus, Christopher: and terms of the capitulaciones, 29; and voyage along the Pearl Coast, 33 { 270 } Index Council of the Indies, 79, 85, 140 Covarrubias Horozco, Sebastián de: and Tesoro de la lengua castellana o española, 128 Cubagua: as pearl-fishing center, 33–34, 43–46; ecology of, 36; municipal organization of, 59; political economy of, 68–70, 74; pearl shipments from, 72; flight of African slaves from, 73; and­tsunami, 76 Cumaná: Indian and African pearl fishers in, 101, 131 De Marees, Pieter: on swimming and pearl diving, 91–92 Denmark: and the slave trade, 245 Dominicans: in the Caribbean, 38; on the Pearl Coast, 41; and Bartolomé de las Casas, 80 Drake, Sir Francis: raids of, on Spanish Caribbean settlements, 104–105; and “Drake Jewel,” 105; and delivery of pearls, 163 Drake Manuscript, 92, 93, 94. See also Pearl diving East India Company, 198–201, 230 Eckhout, Albert, 191, 192 Ecuador: and pearl fishing, 4 Edinburgh: and pearl trade, 231; and interest in pearl fishing (poem), 238–240 Elizabeth I (of England): and pearl jewelry, 104–105 England: as pearl market, 104–109, 197– 202, 213–221, 225–231 Estado da Índia: and the Union of the Crowns, 83; account of pearl fishing in, 149–158; taxation in, 155; jewel trade in, 166–167; pearl smuggling to, 174–179 Ferdinand II of Aragon, 34–35. See also Catholic Monarchs Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, Gonzalo: and account of pearl fishing on the Pearl Coast, 43–44, 52 Fishery Coast (India): and pearl fishing, 41; and population relocation, 152. See also Paravas Florence: as center of pearl trading and interest, 112–117 Fugger family: on the Pearl Coast, 56, 106 Gabay, David: as jewel broker in London, 218–220 Gage, Thomas: and description of pearl diving, 147–149 Goa: African divers in, 92; and the jewel trade, 166–167, 179 Gold: in the Siete Partidas, 24, 30; in the capitulaciones, 29; on Hispaniola, 35; in Venezuela, 36; for payment in African slaves’ self-purchase, 51; worth of, in pearls...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469638997
Related ISBN
9781469638973
MARC Record
OCLC
1029886295
Pages
304
Launched on MUSE
2018-04-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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