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Index Page numbers in italic refer to country-­ specific sidebars abdominal complaints 54–59 differential diagnosis, abdominal pain 55–56 differential diagnosis, diarrhea 58–59 differential diagnosis, mass/swelling 57 differential diagnosis, vomiting 56–57 questions for HPI, abdominal pain 54 questions for HPI, diarrhea 58 questions for HPI, mass/swelling 57 questions for HPI, vomiting 56 abdominal mass/swelling 57 differential diagnosis 57 questions for HPI 57 abdominal pain 54–56 differential diagnosis 55–56 questions for HPI 54 acute kidney injury 100–102 causes 100 clinical manifestations 101 complications 102 investigations 101 treatment 102 advanced teaching topics 130–162 HIV 130–135 malaria 135–140 malnutrition 152–155 measles 141–143 palliative care and symptom management 157–162 poisoning 155–157 tetanus 143–146 tuberculosis 146–150 typhoid fever 150–152 anemia, approach to 74–76 definition 74 definition, Tanzania 74 differential diagnosis 75–76 physical exam findings 75 questions for HPI 74–75 WHO blood transfusions 76 asthma 119–121 chronic 121 clinical manifestations 119–120 diagnosis 120 treatment 120–121 birth asphyxia 29–31 complications 30 risk factors 29–30 treatment 30 Blantyre Coma Scale for Children, Malawi 4. See also physical exam Botswana. See also Princess Marina Hospital available resources, Princess Marina Hospital 171–175, 171 history, common style 1 HIV treatment, national guidelines 130 immunization schedule 186 JACCOL, defined 2 local reference materials 189 194 Index Botswana (continued) meningitis, first-­ line treatment in 91 physical exam, typical notation 2 Princess Marina Hospital 171 referrals for corrective surgery 40 tuberculosis, national guidelines for treatment 146 urinary tract infections, first-­ line treatment in 98 breathlessness (end of life) control 162. See also palliative care and symptom management bronchiolitis 124–125 clinical manifestations 124 complications 125 diagnosis 124 treatment 125 bubble CPAP 166–168 how to build 167–168 indications 166–167 risks 167 supplies 167 cardiology 38–49 acute rheumatic fever 46–49 cardiomyopathy 45–46 congenital heart disease 40–44 pediatric congestive heart failure 38–40 cardiomyopathies 45–46 definitions 45 types 45–46 common chemotherapy agents and their side effects 86 congenital heart disease 40–44 acyanotic CHD 43–44 cyanotic CHD 42–43 fetal/neonatal circulation 40–41 murmurs 41–42 referrals for corrective surgery, Botswana 40 referrals for corrective surgery, Malawi 41 referrals for corrective surgery, Tanzania 41 congestive heart failure, pediatric 38–40 additional recommendations, Tanzania 40 etiologies 38 investigations 39 physical exam findings 39 red flags in HPI 38–39 WHO guidelines for management 39–40 constipation control 161–162. See also palliative care and symptom management causes 161 differential diagnosis 161 treatment 161–162 cough 108–110. See also respiratory illnesses causes of hemoptysis 110 differential diagnosis 109 questions for HPI 108 croup 118–119 clinical manifestations 118 diagnosis 118 treatment 119 cryptococcal meningitis 92–93. See also meningitis investigations 92 treatment 93 diabetes mellitus/hypoglycemia 50–53 clinical manifestations 50–51 definitions 50 diabetic ketoacidosis 52 hypoglycemia 52–53 investigations 51 management 51–52 diabetic ketoacidosis 52 complications 52 diagnosis 52 management 52 diarrhea 58–66 antimicrobials, treatment with 63 causes 60 clinical manifestations 60–61 Index 195 complications 62 definitions 61 dehydration, treating 64–65 differential diagnosis 58–59 investigations 62 persistent, treatment of 65–66 questions for HPI 58 risk factors 60 Tanzania, testing capability in 63 treatment 62–63 zinc, treatment with 63 difficulty breathing 110–112. See also respiratory illnesses definition 110 differential diagnosis 111–112 questions for HPI 110–111 diphtheria 126–127 clinical manifestations 126–127 diagnosis 127 public health measures 127 treatment 127 Down Syndrome 72–73 associated conditions 73 clinical manifestations 72–73 etiology 72 investigations 73 drip calculator for IV fluids 170 easy bleeding, approach to 77–79 differential diagnosis 77–78 Fresh-­ Frozen Plasma (FFP) trans­ fusion 79 platelet transfusion 78–79 questions for HPI 77 emergency management 5–22 Emergency Triage Assessment and Treatment (ETAT) 5–8 airway 7 anatomy differences, children vs adults 5–6 breathing 8 circulation 8 convulsions 8 coma 8 dehydration 8 emergency signs 6 priority signs: 3TPR MOB 6–7 endocrinology 50–53 epiglottitis 125–126 clinical manifestations 125–126 diagnosis 126 treatment 126 ETAT. See Emergency Triage Assessment and Treatment fluids, neonatal 29 foreign body aspiration 121–124 diagnosis 121 treatment 122–124 gastroenterology 54–71 abdominal complaints, approach to 54–59 jaundice, approach to 66–68 splenomegaly/hepatomegaly, approach to 69–71 genetics 72–73 hematology/oncology 74–88 anemia, approach to 74–76 easy bleeding, approach to 77–79...

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