Index
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Index Abington School District v. Schempp (1963), 86, 117, 129, 158, 163,205 Abortion: consent of parents, 230-240; consent of spouse, 229-230; and equal protection, 4; fundamental right to, 8; and Liberal view, 11-12; medical risks o~ 192-193, 196,202-203,217; and Neutrality Principle, 201-204; nontherapeutic , 216-217; notification of parents, 238-242; pathology report requirements , 203-204, 206, 208-209; and privacy, 30-38; public funding of, 214-221; and record-keeping requirements , 208-209; and religious convictions , 170-176, 179, 184-186; and stare decisis, 1-2; and strict scrutiny, 8; and written consent requirements, 206209 Accomodation analysis, 157-160 ACLU. See Allegheny County v. ACLU Adams, John, 11-12 Affirmative action, 98 Africa v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1981), 118, 154 Aguillard. See Edwards v. Aguillard Akron. See Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health; Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health (1983), 1,56,194,231-232 Alameda. See Fellowship of Humanity v. County of Alameda Allegheny County v. ACLU (1989), 118, 145-146 Allen. See United States v. Allen Alternate means test, 164, 200-201; and public funding of abortion, 218 American Bar Association, 197 American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), 194 Animals: cruelty to, 42, 68; and religious convictions, 186-189 Aristotle, 55,173 Arkansas. See Epperson v. Arkansas; McLean v. Arkansas Arthur, John, 252nn. 15-16 Ashcroft. See Planned Parenthood Association v. Ashcroft Bakke. See Regents of the University of California v. Bakke 287 Baird. See BelloUi v. Baird; Eisenstadt v. Baird Ballard. See United States v. Ballard Banton. See Tyson v. Banton Baptism, and secular harm, 182 BarneUe. See Board of Education v. BarneUe Barzelay, Douglas, 255n. 69 Beal v. Doe (1977), 218, 220-221, 223 Beason. See Davis v. Beason BeioUi v. Baird (1979), 231, 233, 240241 288 Bible: as religious document, 117-119, 137; its prohibitions, 183; required reading from, 106, 163-164, 167 Bigamy, 84, 86-87. See also Polygamy Bill of Rights, 3-4; and economic substantive due process, 19-20; incorporation of, in Fourteenth Amendment, 4, 10, 45-47, 85-86; and right of privacy , 26-27; and substantive due process , 38 Black, Justice Hugo: and dangers of substantive due process, 40-42, 44; and reasons for Religion Clauses, 83; rejects right of privacy, 27; and secular religions , 90-91, 106, 153-154 Blackmun, Justice Harry, 2, 14, 17-18, 20,30-32,37-38,42,51-52,55,67, 69,145,192,207-208,230 Blechschmidt, Dr. E., 170 Board of Education v. Barnette (1943), 262n.44,262n.32 Bob Jones University v. United States (1983), 126, 151 Bolton. See Doe v. Bolton Bork, Robert, 79, 93-103 Bowen v. Roy (1987), 93, 108, 118, 143, 148 Bowers v. Hardwick (1986), 32, 40, 4243 Braunfeld v. Brown (1961), 88 Brennan, Justice William, 28-29, 86, 158-159,164,166,205,219-220 Brown. See Braunfeld v. Brown; Brown v. Board of Education Brown v. Board of Education (1954), 97, 101 Bull. See Calder v. Bull Burger, Chief Justice Warren, 92-93, 105, 150-151, 158, 164 Bypass procedures: for parental consent, 231-232; for parental notification, 240-242 Calder v. Bull (1798), 254n. 56 California. See Stromberg v. California Cantwell v. Connecticut (1940), 86 Capital punishment: and religious convictions , 185, 188-189; as secular matter, 124 Index Carey v. Population Services International (1977),44 Carolene Products. See United States v. Carolene Products Co. Civil War, 3 Chambers. See Marsh v. Chambers Chicago B. and Q. R. R. Co. v. Chicago (1897),86 Choper, Jesse H., 109 Christian Science, 115 Church of the Holy Trinity v. United States (1892), 85 Church of the Latter Day Saints. See Mormon City of Akron. See Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health Clark, Justice Tom C., 63, 91, 163 Clauson. See Zorach v. Clauson Colautti v. Franklin (1979), 255nn. 1315 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. See Africa v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Compromise, Principle of, 46-48 Connecticut. See Cantwell v. Connecticut; Connecticut v. Menillo; Griswold v. Connecticut Connecticut v. Menillo (1975), 193 Conscientious objection, 90-91, 115, 134, 144,152 Consent to abortion: and Establishment Clause, 232-240; and judicial bypass, 231-232; of parents, 230-240; required in writing, 206-209; of spouse, 229-230 Consequentialist, 67-68 Conservative view (of constitutional interpretation ), 9-10, 22, 94-96; and equal protection, 9-10; and Principle of Compromise, 45, 47 Constitutional interpretation, criteria of, xi-xii,245 Contraception, right...