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Annotated Table of Cases All cases referred to or cited in the text are listed below. Except for those of marginal significance for the thesis of the present work, the cases are followed by brief statements of the principal issue(s), holding(s), and/or pronouncement (s) that make these cases noteworthy in the present context. Abington School District v. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203 (1963). State requirement that either passages from the Bible or the Lord's Prayer be read at the start of each school day was held to violate the Establishment Clause. ACLU. See Allegheny County v. ACLU. Africa v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 662 F.2d 1025 (1981). Revolutionary organiza.tion MOVE held not to be a religion under the Free Exercise Clause. Aguillard. See Edwards v. Aguillard. Akron. See Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health or Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health. Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, 462 U.S. 416 (1983). Invalidates state requirements that (1) dilatation-and-evacuation abortions take place in hospitals; (2) all minors under the age of fifteen obtain parental approval for abortion; (3) physicians only may inform patients of risks; (4) an inflexible waiting period be maintained between consent and abortion; and (5) certain information, designed to dissuade a woman from having an abortion, be supplied before consent is obtained. Alameda. See Fellowship of Humanity v. County of Alameda. Allegheny County v. ACLU, 492 U.S. 573 (1989). Creche alone on public property violates Establishment Clause neutrality, but holiday display on public property that includes more than one religion's symbols and celebrates liberty is constitutional. Allen. See United States v. Allen. 273 274 Arkansas. See Epperson v. Arkansas or McLean v. Arkansas. Ashcroft. See Planned Parenthood Association v. Ashcroft. Baird. See Bellotti v. Baird or Eisenstadt v. Baird. Bakke. See Regents of the University of California v. Bakke Ballard. See United States v. Ballard. Banton. See Tyson v. Banton. Barnette. See Board of Education v. Barnette. Table of Cases Beal v. Doe, 432 U.S. 438 (1977). Title XIX of the Social Security Act does not require that states fund abortions as a condition of their participation in the Medicaid program. Beason. See Davis v. Beason. Bellotti v. Baird, 443 U.S. 622 (1979). Called Bellotti II, the Court invalidated state parental consent requirements that do not provide for judicial bypass of parental consent and that do not allow minors found mature to make their own abortion decisions. Board of Education v. Barnette, 319 U.S. 624 (1943). Students may not be required to recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag. Bob Jones University v. United States, 461 U.S. 574 (1983). The IRS may refuse tax exempt status to a religiously based educational institution that requires racial segregation. Bolton. See Doe v. Bolton. Bowen v. Roy, 476 U.S. 693 (1986). Idiosyncratic belief about the spiritual damage caused by the use of social security numbers is religious. Bowers v. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186 (1986). There is no constitutional right of privacy to engage in sodomy. Braunfeld v. Brown, 366 U.S. 599 (1961). State laws requiring stores to close on Sundays do not violate either of the Religion Clauses. Brown. See Braunfeld v. Brown or Brown v. Board of Education. Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954). Laws requiring segregated education violate the Equal Protection Clause. Bull. See Calder v. Bull. Calder v. Bull, 3 Dali. 386 (1798). California. See Stromberg v. California. Cantwell v. Connecticut, 310 U.S. 296 (1940). Fourteenth Amendment requires that states respect the First Amendment free exercise rights of citizens. Carey v. Population Services International, 431 U.S. 768 (1977). States may not restrict advertisements for contraceptives, nor may they place exceptional restrictions on access to contraceptives of minors under the age of sixteen. Carolene Products. See United States v. Carolene Products, Co. Chambers. See Marsh v. Chambers. Chicago B. and Q.R.R. CO. v. Chicago, 166 U.S. 226 (1897). Church ofHoly Trinity v. United States, 143 U.S. 457 (1892). Known for maintaining that ours is a Christian nation. City of Akron. See Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health. Table of Cases 275 Clauson. See Zorach v. Clauson. Colautti v. Franklin, 439 U.S. 379 (1979). State requirements that viable or possibly viable fetuses removed during abortion receive medical care must be clear about the responsibility for determining possible viability. The standard of care required for such fetuses must be...


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