In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

The geography and climate of Madeira and the Canary Isles Geography Madeira and the Canary Islands are two neighbouring archipelagos in the eastern Atlantic Ocean lying off the north-western coast of Africa, which together with the more remote Azores to the north and the Cape Verde islands to the south, form the island region known as Macaronesia. All of these islands are the tips of a series of undersea volcanoes, some of which are still active. As a result of their oceanic birth, the islands are home to a distinctive range of flora and fauna, including many endemic species, which have been able to evolve here in isolation. Madeira and the Canary Islands are the most readily accessible of the island groups and, fortuitously, are also among the most interesting from a wildlife perspective. Madeira The Madeira archipelago belongs to Portugal and lies just under 400km to the north of the Canary Island of Tenerife and 520km west of Morocco. The archipelago is dominated by the main island of Madeira, which is by far the largest island, with a surface area of 741km2 (see page 8 for detailed map). It holds 98% of the archipelago’s human population, of which around 85% live in the warmer and drier south, including some 100,000 in the capital, Funchal. Madeira is a rugged mountainous island with a high central ridge rising to 1,862m at the summit of Pico Ruvio. The mountain slopes drop steeply to the sea and then drop quickly, resulting in deepwater habitats close inshore. The island of Porto Santo lies 37km north-east of Madeira. It covers around 50km2 and has a population of some 5,500 residents, although numbers swell greatly during the summer months. It has a more gently sloping terrain than Madeira, with the highest point of just 517m at Pico de Facho, in the more rugged north-eastern part of the island. The coastal plain in the island’s south-west is home to a spectacular 9-km-long whiteWESTERN SAHARA MAURETANIA MOROCCO MADEIRA ATL ANTIC O CE AN CANARY ISLANDS Azores SPAIN P O R T U G A L 500 km The location of the Atlantic islands MADEIRA CANARY ISLANDS SELVAGENS Porto Santo Ilhas Desertas La Palma El Hierro Lanzarote Fuerteventura Gran Canaria Tenerife La Gomera 280km 165km Madeira and the Canary islands 5 sand beach. There are many offshore islets, and these are home to large numbers of breeding seabirds. The Desertas Islands lie 16km south-east of Madeira. This is a chain of three small, uninhabited islands (except for permanent wardens), with elevations rising to 442m on Deserta Grande, 348m on Bugio and 98m on Ilhéu de Chão. The Desertas are very important for breeding seabirds, including the endemic Desertas Petrel, which breeds only on Bugio, and they are the only breeding site in the islands for the Mediterranean Monk Seal. The final islands in the Madeira group are the Selvagens or Salvages. These windswept, uninhabited islands lie 280km south of Madeira and are in fact closer to Tenerife (165km to their south). They comprise two main islands and several islets; elevation rises to 163m on Selvagem Grande. The islands are rocky and barren but hold an important population of seabirds, notably of White-faced Storm-petrels, and are home to resident wardens and scientists. The Canary Islands The archipelago of the Canary Islands consists of seven main islands and numerous smaller satellite islands and offshore rocks with a total surface area of some 7,490km2 (see pages8–9 for detailed maps). For the purposes of this book, the ‘Western Canaries’ encompass the islands of El Hierro, La Palma and La Gomera; the ‘Central Canaries’ consist of Tenerife and Gran Canaria (although both, confusingly, are geographically within the Western Canaries); and the ‘Eastern Canaries’ comprise Fuerteventura and Lanzarote, together with the satellite 1,800 1,650 1,500 1,350 1,200 1,050 900 750 600 450 300 150 0 200 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 metres KEY Madeira Funchal 17°30‘W 17°W 16°30‘W 32°30‘N 33°N 33°30‘N Porto Santo Desertas Deserta Grande Bugio Chão 1,800 1,650 1,500 1,350 1,200 1,050 900 750 600 450 300 150 0 200 1,000 2,000 3,500 4,000 metres KEY The Madeira archipelago Gran Canaria Tenerife La Gomera Santa Cruz de la Palma Lanzarote El Hierro La Palma Fuerteventura...

pdf

Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.