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432 76 Remarks Made While Reporting to Yang Shangkun1 February 2, 1990 We feel the current situation in Shanghai and across the nation is good—it would be absolutely wrong to say that the overall situation isn’t good. Why? Because the four major tasks laid out at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee,2 the seven practical things decided upon by the Politburo,3 and the programs and tasks proposed at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee are well suited to current needs. Although people are still somewhat lacking in confidence, their minds are more aligned than ever. That is the situation in Shanghai, and it is also the basic situation in the country as a whole. 1. These are remarks made by Zhu Rongji during the presentation of a report by the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee to Yang Shangkun, then vice president of the People’s Republic of China, who was on an inspection tour of Shanghai. 2. The Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee in June 1989 called for special attention to four things: (1) thoroughly put an end to disturbances, quell counterrevolutionary rioting, strictly differentiate between the two types of contradictions and further stabilize the situation in the entire country; (2) continue with rectification, firmly continue with reforms and opening up, and promote sustained, stable, and harmonized economic development; (3) strengthen ideological work, work hard to launch education that is patriotic and socialist, that advocates patriotism, socialism, [the importance of national] independence, and arduous endeavor, and soundly oppose bourgeois liberalization; and (4) forcefully strengthen Party building, the building of democracy and legal institutions, resolutely punish corruption, do several things effectively that the people are widely concerned about, and live up to the hopes people place in the Party. 3. This refers to the Decision of the Party Central Committee and the State Council of July 28, 1989, on doing several things the people are concerned about. The decision pointed out that seven things needed to be done in the near term to punish corruption and take the lead in establishing integrity and a spirit of arduous endeavor: (1) further clean up companies; (2) stop children of senior officials from engaging in business; (3) eliminate the special supplies of small quantities of foodstuffs for leaders; (4) strictly allocate vehicles according to the rules and forbid imports of cars (except when implementing long-term trade agreements signed between governments and state-approved technology trade contracts); (5) strictly forbid anyone from hosting banquets and presenting gifts; (6) strictly limit foreign travel by leading cadres; and (7) strictly and carefully investigate cases of corruption, bribe-taking, and profiteering, with a special emphasis on major and important cases. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 432 12/26/17 12:01 PM Remarks Made While Reporting to Yang Shangkun 433 This year we are focusing mainly on Party conduct. Although economic work is very important, without a change in Party conduct, it will be very hard to improve the economy. We are proposing to focus on both Party conduct and clean government—to put the emphasis on these and to implement them all the way down to the grassroots. As I understand it, the rural cadres in Shanghai generally follow the rules but there are also quite a few problems. Some cadres want special privileges; they take good land and use it to build homes for themselves. We’ve taken photos—these homes are like gardens. In addition, we find a lack of separation between government and enterprises, and between Party and government. We have villagers’ committees, but their leaders might also serve as heads of various economic entities, so people, money, and materials are all in their pockets. A township Party secretary might also be the board chairperson of a cooperative, and its bookkeeping might be flawed. Under a system that makes no distinctions between Party, government, and economic entities, it’s very hard to exercise supervision and very easy for nepotism and corruption to take place and for rules to be broken. I’d like to draft a document to address these issues. On the subject of clean government, some people are complaining that we haven’t apprehended any bureau chiefs yet. It’s true—we haven’t apprehended a single bureau chief so far. Of course we can’t randomly apprehend those who haven’t done anything wrong; those who have done something wrong will be severely dealt with. For example...


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