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394 71 To Overcome Our Difficulties, We Must Rely Wholeheartedly on the Working Class1 October 26, 1989 This citywide conference on ideological work at industrial enterprises is a good one that has brought together 800 factory directors and Party secretaries from large and medium enterprises to discuss major matters. Some have remarked that it is a key event taking place at a key moment with key people in attendance. It’s had three achievements: first, it aligned our thinking; second, it clarified our direction; third, it stirred up our enthusiasm. It has reached its goal of “first, stability, and second, encouragement.” Now I’d like to discuss three points. 1. Unity between the Party Secretary and Factory Director Unity between the Party secretary and the factory director is key to implementing the spirit of the Central Committee’s Document No. 92 and the spirit of this conference. This unity should be based on principles. As [Wu] Bangguo3 said, we can’t have unprincipled “brothers”—they can’t run socialist enterprises properly. We’ve already discovered cases of Party secretaries harboring factory directors, for example, by agreeing to let RMB 300,000 be used to build a house for the factory director. That won’t do! You might seem to be showing concern for his daily life, but the result is to detach him from the people. What we want is unity that is based on principle. To achieve this sort of unity, the caliber of both parties must be improved. At some factories, the factory director and the Party secretary aren’t very united and the factory isn’t run well. A primary reason is that they themselves are of poor caliber: the director lacks the ability to be factory director, and the 1. This is the main part of Zhu Rongji’s speech at the closing ceremony of a conference on ideological work at Shanghai’s industrial enterprises. 2. The Central Committee’s Document No. 9 refers to the “Notice of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party on Strengthening Party-Building.” This was discussed and passed at a plenary session of the Politburo on August 28, 1989. 3. See chapter 28, note 6. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 394 12/26/17 12:01 PM To Overcome Our Difficulties, We Must Rely Wholeheartedly on the Working Class 395 secretary lacks the character to be Party secretary. Overall, the standards of the Party secretaries and factory directors at Shanghai’s enterprises are quite high, but this still isn’t enough and we still have to work hard to improve matters, particularly along the following lines. Act According to Party Values. We must all proceed from Party values and not get upset over a minor detail or a single word—we should be mutually understanding . The Party secretary should support the factory director. It’s very hard for a factory director to manage people—some may make trouble for no reason, or they may even threaten the personal safety of the director, and it isn’t easy to dare to tackle them or to manage them. Likewise, the factory director must be understanding of the Party secretary and proactively accept the oversight of the Party committee in all matters. You should have more consultations whenever an issue arises, and important matters should be discussed collectively. It seems that we haven’t talked about Party values in a long time. The essence of building up Party values lies in transforming one’s worldview and one’s view of life. At some units, the factory director and the Party secretary might have been getting along very well but then weren’t able to unite just because each wanted to have the last word over some minor issue—that’s a sign of weak Party values. Participating in and speaking at a conference on political and ideological work at Shanghai’s industrial enterprises, October 25, 1989. Front row: from left, Wu Jintao, Party secretary of the Shanghai No. 1 Cotton Mill, and Chen Xining, factory director of the Shanghai No. 2 Cotton Mill; from the right, Zou Mufa, deputy Party secretary of the Municipal Textile Bureau, and Mei Shouchun, director of the Municipal Textile Bureau. (Photograph by Guo Tianzhong) Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 395 12/26/17 12:01 PM 396 To Overcome Our Difficulties, We Must Rely Wholeheartedly on the Working Class Pay Close Attention to Conduct. Conduct is very important. Factory directors and Party secretaries should be...


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