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364 65 Five Practical Things to Do in Building Clean Government among Rural Cadres1 September 5, 1989 There are now 250,000 Party members and over 10,000 Party branches in the rural areas of Shanghai. The first point to make about our own team is that it is up to the test and is a good team that can fight. However, we must also recognize that it has many internal problems, and these must be rectified. They fall into two categories: (1) corruption and bribe-taking and violation of criminal laws; and (2) improper conduct, using power for personal gain, enjoying special privileges, and detachment from the people. The first sort of problem is still confined to a small number in the ranks of our cadres, but it is becoming increasingly serious. Improper conduct now appears to be more prevalent. It must be solved by building clean government. If we don’t handle it well, we will become increasingly detached from the people and will also be unable to do good rural work. How should we tackle this? I think we have to use the following methods. Establish rules of conduct for leaders. First, focus on leaders. Last year I told the Municipal Bureau of Supervision that it had to keep an eye on 506 bureau chiefs and halt their tendencies to wine and dine and accept gifts. This now seems to have had a marked effect, and bureau chiefs are better at constraining themselves. We later extended this to include a total of 2,000 bureau-level cadres from the Municipal Party Committee and government. Our rules now cover 2,000 bureau-level cadres and will be further extended to 20,000 section chiefs. If only these 2,000 bureau-level and 20,000 section-level cadres can lead by example, an atmosphere of clean government can be established. It must be gradually broadened—we’ve recently been drawing up principles and rules that should be observed by enterprise cadres. These have been discussed many times and the latest version has been distributed to several hundred factory directors at enterprises to see if they can observe them. Take practical action that promotes clean government. To begin with, we must not pay or must pay very little for building or decorating houses [for leaders]—this is the most prominent problem and one that causes people to 1. This is part of a speech by Zhu Rongji at a conference of rural cadres from Shanghai. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 364 12/26/17 12:01 PM Five Practical Things to Do in Building Clean Government among Rural Cadres 365 point at us and swear. It must be stopped. Then how should we handle past cases where this was done? The Municipal Agricultural Commission can come up with an appropriate solution, but this absolutely must not happen again in the future. We have to focus on this and sum up our experiences. Halt wasteful practices involving gifts and wining and dining. The township and village enterprises (TVEs) that operate clothing stores and furniture stores really can’t cope with this anymore—everyone is taking things from them. Our leading cadres in particular must lead in halting this practice, and they absolutely may not go and take things. People must also stop going to wine and dine at TVEs—and bringing their wives and children along. Last year RMB 100 million was eaten up this way, and while this includes meals for those of us from the urban areas, you yourselves ate quite a lot too. The government has now issued constraints, and it has rules on clean government. Don’t go dining like this anymore—just have your meals at home. I pay a lot of attention to this—I categorically decline all gifts that anyone offers me. Otherwise, leading cadres would be unable to move people forward. We must pay very close attention to this. Avoid using connections for personal gain. Do not allow your children and relatives to make use of connections. This is using power for personal gain and is a very bad influence on people. Take the lead in halting the tendency to play mahjong, gamble, and believe in superstitions. I’m very worried that mahjong is going to “take over” Shanghai. This is a very dangerous tendency. At night, people do nothing but play mahjong, especially in the rural areas, and I hear that this is widespread. I’m not saying that all of...


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