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344 61 We Must Be Determined to Treat the Upstream Pollution of the Huangpu River1 July 26, 1989 This meeting is not only about protecting the upstream waters of the Huangpu River, it is also about protecting Shanghai’s ecoenvironment. The Huangpu is Shanghai’s “river mother”—without the Huangpu, there would be no Shanghai. We should have the same deep affection for the river as we would for our mothers. I hope Shanghai’s writers and musicians can compose a song—“My Home Is on the Huangpu River”—that will instill the love of China and love of Shanghai in the people of Shanghai and arouse their enthusiasm to revitalize both. This is also a form of patriotic education. Importance of Pollution Control What benefits the Huangpu has brought to Shanghai! “A city prospers through its port”—without the port, there would be no city; without the Huangpu River, there would be no port of Shanghai, and there would be no prosperity in the city. Shanghai has no mineral resources—the Huangpu River is its most precious resource. Every day, we take 10 million tons of water from this river for production and for daily life—without the Huangpu River, Shanghai could not survive and develop. However, the pollution of the river’s water is now severe. I’ve received many letters from the public, all expressing great concern about pollution of the upper reaches of the river. Huangpu’s pollution is getting worse by the year: in 1988 the water was foul for 229 days, a tenfold increase from 1963. We can’t keep ruining the Huangpu like this; we can’t keep treating our river mother with such an attitude! Protecting the sources of the Huangpu and Shanghai’s ecoenvironment is a major task that will affect the health of Shanghai’s 12 million or more people and their future generations. Since 1985 the city government has taken a series of measures to protect the river’s sources and improve its water quality. For example, 1. This speech by Zhu Rongji was delivered at an on-site meeting on protecting water sources from the upper reaches of the Huangpu River. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 344 12/26/17 12:01 PM We Must Be Determined to Treat the Upstream Pollution of the Huangpu River 345 —We drafted the “Shanghai Regulations on Protection of the Upstream Sources of the Huangpu River,” which was reviewed and passed by the Municipal People’s Congress. —We embarked on 162 projects to treat pollution of water sources and have completed 60 of these, thereby reducing pollution of water sources by 30%. —We completed phase one of a project to channel upstream water and built a water intake point at Linjiang, which has improved water quality for a majority of the city’s residents. However, because the pollutants discharged by factories along the upper reaches of the Huangpu have not been effectively controlled and treated, water quality is still deteriorating. Many people, including deputies of the Municipal People’s Congress, are all asking us to immediately start work on phase two of the Huangpu upstream channeling project. That is to say, they want the water intake point to be moved further upstream from its present site at Linjiang to the vicinity of the Songpu Bridge. This is a good idea, and work on the second phase will start sooner or later. However, some difficulties remain. First of all, we don’t have the money: RMB 800 million to 900 million had been budgeted for this project, but the actual At an on-site meeting held at the Shanghai Wujing Petrochemical Factory on protecting water sources in the upper reaches of the Huangpu River, July 26, 1989. On the left, Cai Yana, chief engineer of the factory, and Vice Mayor Ni Tianzeng. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 345 12/26/17 12:01 PM 346 We Must Be Determined to Treat the Upstream Pollution of the Huangpu River amount required appears to be over RMB 1 billion. Shanghai cannot come up with so much money right now. Second, even if we had the money for such a large project, it would still have to be approved by the State Economic Commission . In view of the challenging economic situation, the money isn’t available, nor would the state approve. Third, even if this project were to be completed, water quality near the Songpu Bridge would still deteriorate unless the pollution was addressed...


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