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332 57 Cleaning Up Companies Is an Important Measure for Punishing Corruption1 July 13, 1989 Some colleagues are asking: is Shanghai moving too quickly in punishing corruption and cleaning up companies? Is it too soon to try to solve problems with a single uniform policy? Are we being too strict? Others are saying we should let the central authorities make the first move. Let them first pre­ sent us with a policy so that we don’t find ourselves on the defensive later. Still others worry that if our neighbors haven’t made a move and yet we’re managing things so tightly, how can we manage them well? After discussing this, the Standing Committee of the Municipal Party Committee feels that we shouldn’t view the problem that way. We still have to be determined to carry on in accordance with the direction and policies of the Party Central Committee—we can’t wait any longer. Jiang Zemin telephoned me to say that we shouldn’t wait for the Party Central Committee, that we should act quickly once we’re sure. You all know that it isn’t easy for the central authorities to come up with nationally applicable policy guidelines right away. The provinces and municipalities should still be the ones to act first—each will push the other ahead. To the best of my knowledge, our neighbors aren’t acting more slowly than Shanghai—Jiangxi is doing very well in establishing clean government, and so is Shandong in punishing corruption. Besides, Shanghai is in an important position, so it’s only right for us to be stricter. There are many aspects of punishing corruption and cleaning up companies, and we can’t address all of them at once. To concentrate our forces so as to gain an edge and mobilize all positive elements to the greatest degree possible, the focus of this work must be featured prominently, policies must be clear, and the pace must be steady. During the second half of this year, we will first focus on punishing corruption and bribe-taking. We’ll try to publicly prosecute several major cases in August to create momentum; at the same time, we’ll announce our policies and call 1. This is part of Zhu Rongji’s speech at the closing ceremony of the Eighth Plenary Session of the Fifth Shanghai Party Committee. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 332 12/26/17 12:01 PM Cleaning Up Companies Is an Important Measure for Punishing Corruption 333 on offenders to obtain lenient treatment by confessing honestly. Next, we will clean up companies. This, too, must be done in stages, step by step. At this meeting, everyone has agreed that we should use a single uniform policy to deal with government agency cadres who hold dual positions in companies [or enterprises]. We’re in favor of making no exceptions and leaving no “tails.” However, in terms of concrete steps, a single uniform policy will still have to consist of a series of measures. In the third quarter, we’ll first deal with cadres at the bureau level and higher who hold dual positions, while we’ll wait until the fourth quarter to make arrangements for cadres at the section level and lower. For now, we won’t do anything about those below county level— we’ll discuss that after we do some research. The most problematic thing about cadres holding dual positions is that they receive dual salaries, which usually amount to a lot of money. This leads to social inequity and corruption. We must adopt a uniform policy to deal with such cases. However, there are also some cadres with dual positions who don’t receive dual salaries. We can use flexible methods to handle such cases. That is, we can refer to the method used by members of the city government’s Advisory Group on Urban Administration: we will make Party or government cadres with dual positions but not dual salaries (including those at or beyond retirement age) members of advisory groups of the city government or its bureaulevel agencies, so that they can act as representatives of the city or its agencies in assisting companies in their work. During our discussions, everyone agreed with using this flexible method to deal with individual cases, and retired colleagues supported this as well. We must also strengthen the development of legal institutions. We should promote an image of cadres engaged in political/legal, supervisory, and discipline inspection work...


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