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317 54 Further Consolidate Shanghai’s Stability1 June 13, 1989 Since June 9, the situation in Shanghai has changed markedly. The First Phase Beginning on June 9, the situation in Shanghai improved rapidly, and great changes took place, not only here but also in Beijing, which gradually stabilized. Mobilization of the People. A significant factor in the city’s turnaround was that the vast majority of our people united under the slogan, “Keep Shanghai stable, keep the overall situation stable, continue with production and ensure livelihoods .” We can say that we had the support of over 90% of the people. Our working class, in particular, had already organized, and what’s more, its spirit was unprecedentedly high. We have received many letters these past few days, some from entire families, some from a workshop, a store, or a research institute ; there was even one signed “An old silver-haired warrior.” Many colleagues said they shed tears as they read these letters, and I, too, cried as I read them. Because the people were organized and united as one, we were able to send 100,000 in worker patrols onto the streets in a timely way. They removed the roadblocks, and traffic resumed in short order. By yesterday, all of the 1,000 damaged buses had been repaired. The main reasons we were able to obtain such results during this serious rioting in Shanghai were the clear instructions and appropriate policies of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. Jiang Zemin spoke with me by phone every day and relayed instructions from central leaders in timely fashion , so our general direction was very clear. In a conversation at the most dangerous moment, he said, “Don’t place your hopes in using troops—you must mobilize the people.” That’s why I made it very clear in my televised address that we wouldn’t be using troops. If I hadn’t said so at the time, we wouldn’t have been able to mobilize the workers so quickly because everyone would 1. This is the main part of Zhu Rongji’s speech to a meeting of leading cadres from Shanghai’s Municipal Party Committee and government. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 317 12/26/17 12:01 PM 318 Further Consolidate Shanghai’s Stability think, “If you’re going to use the army, what do you want our worker patrols for?” If we had used troops and then mobilized workers, I’m afraid the workers wouldn’t have come. At the time, several leaders of tertiary institutions felt their work was very difficult and urged the Municipal Party Committee to impose martial law. Had we not clearly stated our determination to avoid using troops, it would have been very hard to mobilize the people. That decision has now proved to be very popular. Many people have written to say that it was indeed correct not to use the army and to rely on the working class. Everyone felt at ease and stepped forward enthusiastically. With worker patrols at the front line and with public security police and armed police backing them up, the problem was solved. At the same time, there was a significant change in the climate in Beijing during those two days. Many people’s thinking changed and everyone’s understanding of the situation made a quantum leap over those two days. Collective Decisionmaking. In dealing with the entire incident, every decision of ours was made after collective discussion. The Municipal Party Committee, [Vice Mayor] and Chairperson Ye Gongqi of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People’s Congress, other vice mayors of the municipal government, and many retired colleagues—everyone carefully looked into matters together, discussed them repeatedly with open minds, and put forth different views. Not one of the members of the Municipal Party Committee’s Standing Committee worried whether his opinions were “left” or “right,” were radical or conservative . Everyone raised different opinions out of a spirit of being responsible to the Party, to the people, and to Shanghai’s stability—of being responsible to history. We then engaged in democratic decisionmaking, after which we all individually focused on implementation. Each person was responsible for one area of work and went about organizing it concretely, seeing it through to the end. It isn’t at all easy to organize worker patrol teams—meetings were held every night during the three days of mobilizing people ideologically, with subsequent meetings led by Huang Ju, [Wu] Bangguo, and...


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