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300 52 Get Organized and Maintain Shanghai’s Stability1 June 5, 6, 7, 1989 Let me report on the situation in Shanghai. June 5, 1989 Things today are about the same as yesterday: roughly 7,000 people are blocking over 120 important traffic intersections, the tires of over 300 buses have been deflated or slashed, over 400 buses that went out early have been blocked, and some people have attacked bus depots. Workers cannot get to work. Only 50–60% of those in the textile and electrical machinery sectors were on the job today. By noon, one-third of the workers at Shanghai Steel Factories No. 3 and No. 1 were in the factories; although the power load was not bad and some machines were turned on, no one was there to operate them, so production was seriously affected. Traffic within the city is completely paralyzed, and postal trucks and crucial transportation vehicles have been blocked. The railroads, too, have been blocked, so it’s been impossible for the train to Harbin to leave the station. What we have now isn’t martial law, it’s “student law,” though many of the demonstrators aren’t students. A car from the Municipal Party School was overturned; loudspeakers were installed on top of quite a few traffic kiosks and are broadcasting the Voice of America. Foreign consulates-general are all coming to ask if we can guarantee their safety. An American couple staying at the Huating Sheraton urgently needed to go home because one of their fathers had a heart attack, but the airport road was blocked and they were begging me on 1. After June 4, 1989, traffic all over Shanghai was obstructed. Workers were unable to get to work, production declined, and people’s lives were adversely affected. In the face of this grim situation, the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee held meetings of Party members and leading cadres from across the city on three consecutive nights beginning on June 5 to examine how to stabilize Shanghai, stabilize the overall situation, continue with production, and safeguard livelihoods. This is the main part of Zhu Rongji’s comments at the third meeting. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 300 12/26/17 12:00 PM Get Organized and Maintain Shanghai’s Stability 301 their knees [for help]. We’ve already asked [Vice Mayor Liu] Zhenyuan to handle arrangements for foreigners to enter and leave. This morning, several of our [Party] secretaries divided up their work, primarily to organize us to maintain Shanghai’s stability. Huang Ju and [Vice Mayor Gu] Chuanxun will focus on the public transit and finance sectors and move some workers around to help the districts fix traffic problems. [Wu] Bangguo will organize security for government agencies: this morning he held meetings with various sectors, first with the protection agencies, then had people sign up to support the districts in maintaining traffic flow. [Zeng] Qing­hong2 will convene a conference of district publicity directors to focus on public opinion and publicity. With panic buying of rice, preserved vegetables, cooking oil, salt, and even coal briquets now beginning, [Vice Mayor Zhuang] Xiaotian and Ni Hongfu will be responsible for the production and supply of non-staple foods. Yang Ti will be in charge of directing security actions. Since the tunnel between Pudong and Puxi has been blocked, traffic has become a major problem. The main action we need to take at this point is to unclog the traffic intersections. We are already formulating a plan for such a move. According to a report from Xuhui District, over 40 of its intersections are blocked. It plans to use primarily worker patrol teams to organize unblocking there, which will remain on-site afterward to maintain order. After discussing the Xuhui District’s plan, we have agreed to adopt it. All districts should start taking action, mobilize the people, and do so strictly under a unified and coordinated command. We will prepare to have unified action on the morning of the 7th,3 with the exact time to be kept confidential. Police must not use batons. We will not propose slogans other than these: —First, “We are against obstructing traffic; we want to be able to live normally and to have food to eat.” —Second, “We oppose disrupting Shanghai; we want to keep Shanghai stable.” —Third, “We oppose rioting; we want law and security.” I’m afraid we won’t be able to remove the roadblocks unless we outnumber the blockers by two...


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