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151 24 Some Specific Thoughts Regarding the Development of Pudong1 July 23, 1988 The report on Pudong’s development to be submitted to the State Council will be revised on the basis of Jiang Zemin’s comments and ideas, which I agree with completely. Following are some specific thoughts on this subject. 1. Pudong Development Integral to Building a “New Shanghai” Pudong’s development is indeed a very important venture but it will require huge investments, and construction will take quite a long time. It cannot be completed in one go and must be based on long-term planning. In developing Pudong, the first step is to focus on its transportation and infrastructure. At present, this consists mainly of cross-river projects. The East Yan’an Road Tunnel should be opened to traffic as soon as possible this year, and it should be completely finished by the first half of next year. We must start work on the Huangpu River Bridge2 this year, and the ceremony marking the start of construction should be held with great fanfare. Work on the Ningguo Road project3 must start next year. The Waigaoqiao port project should be completed ahead of schedule and can be carried out using foreign investment. Only after these projects are completed will sales of Pudong land-usage rights [previously known as “land leases”] be attractive. That’s why these endeavors 1. This is the main part of Zhu Rongji’s response to a report by Vice Mayor Ni Tianzeng on several comments by Jiang Zemin on the development of Pudong. 2. The Huangpu River Bridge refers to the present Nanpu Bridge. This was the first bridge in Shanghai to span the Huangpu River. It is 8,689 meters long, with a twin-tower, dual-cable diagonal cable-stayed structure. The main section of the bridge is 46 meters high. Total investment in this project was RMB 820 million; construction began in December 1988 and it was opened to traffic in December 1991. 3. The Ningguo Road cross-river project refers to the present Yangpu Bridge. It and the Nanpu Bridge are known as “sister bridges.” It is 7,658 meters long and its main arch spans 602 meters. The main section of the bridge is a river-spanning, twin-tower, dual-cable, diagonal cable-stayed structure. Total investment in this project was RMB 1.33 billion; construction began in May 1991, and it was opened to traffic in October 1993. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 151 12/26/17 12:00 PM 152 Some Specific Thoughts Regarding the Development of Pudong Visiting the Nanpu Bridge nearing completion, during an inspection tour on resolving problems at large and medium state-owned enterprises, mid-October, 1991. From the left, Wan Xueyuan, secretary-general and director of the General Office of the municipal government; Wu Xiangming, director of the Municipal Construction Committee; and Vice Mayor Ni Tianzeng. On Zhu’s left, Huang Ju, mayor and deputy secretary of the Municipal Party Committee. (Photograph by Zhang Liuren, Xinhua News Agency) Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 152 12/26/17 12:00 PM Some Specific Thoughts Regarding the Development of Pudong 153 are critical for the proper handling of Pudong’s development. At the same time, we must focus on doing feasibility studies for developing Pudong and draw up planning options. 2. Pudong: An Inseparable Part of the City of Shanghai Pudong’s development is integral to the remaking and development of the entire city of Shanghai, so we must think in terms of overall development as we work on Pudong. “Overall development” does not mean turning Pudong into an entity of its own, in contrast to Puxi. Rather, it means building Pudong into the most modernized part of Shanghai. By developing Pudong, we will make the whole of Shanghai the largest economic, trade, finance, and scientific and technical center in the country. Pudong has excellent geographic conditions: a very long coastline and an ideal location for building an industrial base for large-scale importing and exporting. Pudong should concentrate on developing industries, ports, and transportation. It should focus on modernized industries that are knowledgeintensive , technology-intensive and labor-efficient, that do not consume a lot of raw materials and energy, and that have a strong capacity for earning forex. Another important consideration is how to disperse industries from the old urban areas. As Jiang Zemin has pointed out, depending on the different types and situations of industries in the old areas, we...


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