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44 8 Speech at the First Plenary Session of the Ninth Shanghai People’s Congress1 April 25, 1988 The meeting agenda calls for some personal information, so better for me to “come clean” at the outset. I’ll begin by saying I joined the Revolution relatively late, and my experiences have been rather straightforward. Background I was born in Changsha in October 1928 and attended school in Hunan Province , graduating from Hunan Provincial High School No. 1 in 1947. That same year in Shanghai I passed the admissions test of Tsinghua University and entered its Department of Electrical Engineering. During my college years, I joined the student movement, and in the winter of 1948, I joined the New Democratic Youth League of China, which was under the leadership of the underground Chinese Communist Party. In 1949 I joined the Chinese Communist Party. After graduating from Tsinghua University in 1951, I was assigned to the planning section of the Department of Industry of the Northeast China People ’s Government, where I was deputy head of its Production Planning Office. The head of the Planning Bureau at the time was Chai Shufan, who was succeeded by Yuan Baohua. After the Northeast China People’s Government was dissolved in 1952, I went with Ma Hong2 and An Zhiwen3 to the State Planning Commission—this was in November 1952. At the State Planning Commission, I was initially in charge of electricity. In 1954 I moved to the commission’s General Industrial 1. At the Fourth Plenary Session of the First Session of the Ninth Shanghai Municipal People ’s Congress, elections were held for government leaders in Shanghai. As a candidate for mayor, Zhu Rongji met with deputies to the People’s Congress before the elections to introduce his background , political record, and administrative program. 2. In 1952 Ma Hong was secretary general of the Planning Commission of the Central People ’s Government. 3. In 1952 An Zhiwen was a member of the Planning Commission of the Central People’s Government. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 44 12/26/17 12:00 PM Speech at the First Plenary Session of the Ninth Shanghai People’s Congress 45 Speaking at the Fourth Plenary Session of the First Session of the Ninth Shanghai People’s Congress, April 25, 1988. Zhu_Shanghai Years_1987-1991_hc_9780815731399_i-xii_1-620.indd 45 12/26/17 12:00 PM 46 Speech at the First Plenary Session of the Ninth Shanghai People’s Congress Bureau, where I was in charge of the General Department. Subsequently I served as secretary to Zhang Xi, a vice minister of the commission. When Zhang Xi later fell ill with cancer, I also became head of the General Department of the commission’s Machine Industries Planning Bureau. I remained there until 1957, when the “Speaking Out Freely and Airing One’s View Fully” campaign and the Anti-Rightist Movement took place in May–June. During the “Speaking Out Freely and Airing One’s View Fully” campaign, colleagues said to me, “You’re the secretary of the Party Group leadership. If you don’t voice criticisms and comments to the Party Group, who will?” They insisted that I speak out so I did say a few words at the bureau, but I chose my words carelessly. Before October, everyone felt I had expressed my criticisms quite well; afterward, they said you need to rethink your criticism; and by January 1958 I was designated a Rightist. However, I was treated very leniently—I guess that was because my leaders and colleagues at the Planning Commission knew me very well. As a result, although I was relieved of my duties as a deputy section chief, demoted two administrative grades, and expelled from the Party, I still continued to work at the State Planning Commission. During the first year or two, I taught science and math to the Planning Commission’s retired cadres in my spare time. Later, I was given work at the industrial section of the commission’s General Bureau of the National Economy . I was very grateful that the commission’s Party Group was showing such concern for me—they never had me sent down and gave me a chance to continue working for the Party. During the Cultural Revolution I was sent to the commission’s farm, where I spent five years. Those five years were a very great education for me. Despite being cadres of the State Planning Commission and working at a collective farm, we were situated...


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