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abandonment: of nests, 185; of pets, 104 Abbott, Jim, 11 “above” the animals. See “higher” animals activism, 221–222, 235 Adams, E. R., 167 Adams, Rick, 179, 192 adaptive perspectives on behavior, 31, 41, 52, 53, 150 advocates, 251 affective vocabularies, 57–60 African wild dogs, 131, 184 age of animals, 101, 103–104, 138n19. See also juveniles aggression, 47, 61, 80, 125, 153 Aldis, O., 161 Allen, Colin, 4, 21, 42, 150, 165, 168 altruism and altruistic punishment, 147 amphibians, 37 amygdala, 36, 140, 147, 153 anecdotes, 23, 24–25, 40, 49, 51, 145–146, 154, 248 anger, 29 animal behavior: anecdote in, 24–27; blurred borders of, 12–13; history of study, 3–4; interdisciplinary research, 4, 73, 145–147, 264; interest in, 2; Nobel Prize works, 3; “normal,” 179, 189; novelty or flexibility, 55, 130, 165, 269; self-cognition, 12, 34, 66–73, 118; variety of, 15–18 Animal Behavior Society, 234 Animal Damage Control Program, 97 animal-liberationist philosophy, 236 animal rights, 8–9, 226–227, 228, 233, 235, 244 animals: in captivity, 41, 244–245; in community of Earth, 264–267, 273–274; connections to, 2–3, 247–248; distinguishing from humans, 12–13; erring on side of, 243, 253, 272; ethical use of, 233–235, 247; extinctions , 178, 270–271; human interactions with, 177–181, 219–220, 250–251; human need for, 276; local knowledge and attitudes toward, 8, 239, 271–272; “lower” or “higher,” 12, 48, 146, 220, 264; minimizing number used, 247; morality and (see ethics and morality); naming, 248; nature’s wisdom and, 269; personhood of, 14–15; points of view, 272; treatment of, 34, 225, 227, 250 animal welfare, 8–9; effects of research on, 245–246; erring on side of animals, 243, 253, 272; input into guidelines, 234, 252; research issues, 233–235; self-cognizance and, 34; studying behavior and, 6–7 Anisko, J. J., 113 Antarctica, 272–273 anthropocentricism, 73, 171, 219–220, 228, 270, 274 “anthropodenial,” 27 anthropogenic effects, 177; field experiments, 189; habituation, 179–180, 185, 187–189, 241; mere presence, 185–187, 241; nonintrusive studies, 189–191; overview, 182–183; research’s effect on animals, 183–184, 245–246 anthropomorphism, 16, 23, 26, 35, 40, 44, 83, 150–151 anti-dog factions, 198 antipredator behavior, 45–46, 157 apologies, 128, 132, 157, 160 “armpit effect,” 67 art by animals, 12 Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour , 234 auditory information, 42, 66, 93–94, 157 Auster, Paul, 1 authorship, 240–241 autonomy, 14 avoidance sequences, 194, 211 awareness, 54. See also self-cognizance baboons, 16 Baltimore dog population, 105, 108 barking problems with dogs, 202, 212 Baron, David, 187 Bateson, Gregory, 129, 158 Bateson, Patrick, 52 bears, 125, 126, 178, 186, 188 Beck, Benjamin, 4 Becker, Marty, 10 Index bees, 15, 72 behavior, animal. See animal behavior behavioral ecology, 232 behaviorism, 28, 51, 149 Bekoff, Marc: childhood, 1; cognitive ethology studies, 1–3; companions, 77; defense of freedom of speech, x; life goals, 265; parents, 13–14, 21 beliefs: of animals, 44; of dog owners, 105; in ethology, 23, 40, 165 Bennet, D., 197 Bentham, Jeremy, 34, 235 Berger, Joel, 78 Berkes, Firket, 271 Bernstein, I. S., 151 Berry, Thomas, 228, 266, 269, 270, 274 “better” than animals. See “higher” animals biases, 253 bighorn sheep, 178 “Bill of Rights for animals,” 233 biocentric anthropomorphism, 25, 150 biocentrists, 228 biodiversity principles for conservation, 225–226 birds: antipredator behavior, 45–46; cognitive skills, 166; dog disturbances, 200; emotional behavior, 37–39; habituation, 180, 187, 241; human intrusion and, 185, 246; infanticide, 234, 249–250; marking, 183; play behavior, 168; as predators, 215; use of objects, 185. See also specific bird species bites, 47, 125, 131 Blacktail Butte, 78, 87 bodyness, sense of, 33, 67–68 bonding: with animals, 2–3; cognitive demands of, 66, 72; interference with, 182; pair bonds, 86, 89, 101–106; play and, 162 bonobos, 15, 154 Boone, John Allen, 77 Boulder, Colorado, 187–188, 193, 197–198, 210 Bowen, Donald, 87, 88 bows. See play bows Bradie, M., 155 Bradshaw, Gay, 4 brains: chemistry, 126; development, 130, 142; moral feelings and, 140; noninvasive study, 29; physiology of emotion, 36, 38–39; pleasure centers, 154; regions, 71; self-awareness and, 68 broken-wing display, 45–46 Brosnan, S. F., 169 Brown, D. S., 119 Buckley, Carol, 15 Budiansky, Stephen, 82–83 buffaloes, 37, 156 Burghardt, Gordon, 26, 150 Burley, N., 241 Burnett, G. W., 167 Byers, John, 78, 125, 155 Byrd, Robert, 11 Byrne...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781592133499
Print ISBN
9781592133482
MARC Record
OCLC
614991568
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
N
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