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Index Page numbers in italics refer to figures and maps. Aboriginal Affairs, Department of, 85 Aboriginal groups: advisers, 27, 35; economic development, 93, 118n11; heritage, 22, 36, 85–86, 89–90; land claims, 20–23, 28, 33–34, 40–41; and landscape, 15, 17, 19, 37–38, 70; Law (see Tjukurpa); place names, 79, 80f; relationship to Country, 16–17, 24–25, 31–32, 38, 69, 99; sacred sites, 21, 25–26, 29, 83; self-determination movement, 22–24, 26–27. See also Anangu Aboriginal Heritage Act of 1972, 69, 85, 86, 100 Aboriginal Heritage Amendment Bill, 85 Aboriginal Land Rights Act, 21, 28, 109, 110 Aboriginal Land Trust, 29 Aboriginal Protection Act of 1909, 20 Aboriginal Sacred Sites Act, 21 Alaska: fieldwork, 8, 15, 42, 43m, 48f; government of, 46; Gulf of, 44; rock art, 41, 47, 115n1. See also Exxon Valdez; Prince William Sound Alaska Native groups, 13, 42, 44–46, 116n12 Altai Mountains: archaeology, 53, 57, 116n15; cultural landscapes, 15, 44, 50, 52f, 54–55; fieldwork, 15, 52m. See also Mongolia Aluminum, 80–81, 118n5 Anangu: and international organizations, 36–38; land rights, 24, 27–29, 33–34, 40; and park management, 19, 21, 28–35, 39–40, 114n2; relationship to Country, 17, 19, 25, 31–32, 38; responsibilities, 39, 41; restrictive policies, 20, 24, 26 Anishinaabeg, 69, 78 Anthropocene, 101 Anthropology: critical heritage studies, 8, 10, 50; expertise, 61–62, 65, 85; and landscapes , 12–14, 86, 101 Appropriation, 34, 73 Archaeology: critical heritage studies, 8, 10, 113n4; expertise, 36, 54, 65–66, 77; Exxon Valdez, 44, 46–49, 116n11; and landscapes, 12–14, 86; methods, 15, 48–51, 56–57; Scythian, 53–55; sociopolitical context, 48, 50–51, 55–57, 64, 73; stewardship, 63, 74 Archival research, 8, 15, 56, 59f, 74 Australia: courts, 20–23, 86; fieldwork, 15, 18m, 69–70; government, 31, 94; industry, 79–85, 89–90, 94–96; landscapes, 7, 31–32, 100; national identity, 19, 24–25, 29, 33; self-determination movement, 22–24, 26–27; World Heritage Committee, 22. See also Parks Australia Australian National Heritage list, 83 Authorized heritage discourse, 9, 63, 87 Ayers Rock, 24–25, 27, 29, 109–10. See also Uluru monolith Bayan Ölgiy, 51, 52f, 53–54 Biodiversity: and bioprospecting, 33; Biosphere Reserves, 53, 109, 116n16; Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (EPBC), 22, 30, 33, 114n2; Exxon Valdez, 47; international policy, 54–55, 61, 66–68; national policy, 83 Bioprospecting, 5, 31, 33–34, 41, 92 146 / Index Burra Charter, 84 Burrup Peninsula: extractive industries, 82–84, 94–95; fieldwork, 1–2, 117n1; heritage negotiations, 86, 91. See also Pilbara Region Chevron, 95 Chugach National Forest, 47–50, 116n12 Climate change: Alaska, 43, 115n4; and archaeology, 53–55, 64; heritage landscapes , 6, 44, 101; local knowledge, 51, 57; resource frontiers, 92 Colonialism: Alaska, 50; Australia, 18–25, 40–41; Canada, 81; heritage, 6, 15, 99; renaming , 24; South Africa, 88; and World Heritage list, 63, 71–72 Cook Inlet, 15, 46–47 Copper, 77–78 Corporate discourse: definition, 81–82, 87–88; Michigan, 91–92; and power, 93, 95 Corporate heritage discourse, 87–96, 102 Corporate social responsibility, 62, 87–89 Country: colonialism, 19–24; definition of, 18, 117n1, 118n3; heritage legislation , 84, 87; impacts on, 1, 7, 106–7; and industry, 80–82, 86; interpretations of, 38–40; knowledge of, 93–95, 118n3; as a resource, 2, 36–37, 69, 84, 91; relationship to, 16–19, 98–99; responsibility for, 23–26, 28, 30–32; tourism, 34, 90; water, 69–70, 103 Critical heritage studies, 8–11, 103–4, 113nn3,4 Cruikshank, Julie, 72 Cultural heritage: Aboriginal, 22, 36, 85–86, 89–90; destruction of, 79, 95; and economic development, 65–66; experts, 60, 65; and global environmental governance, 55, 61, 69; mining, 79–81, 86, 89, 103; Tongariro National Park, 65, 75–77; Uluru– Kata Tjuta National Park, 32, 35–36, 39–41 Cultural landscapes: Altai Mountains, 51–55, 116n16; Anangu, 17–18, 31–32; community impacts, 7, 66; definition, 113n1, 115n6; designation, 5–6, 38–40, 117n5; as economic development, 73; epistemologies of, 12–16, 38, 60–61; experts, 58, 65–66, 70–72, 74–76; and indigenous knowledge, 86–87; paradigm, 11–15; Prince William Sound, 47–51; sociopolitical context, 99–102; sustainability , 51, 53; Tongass National Forest, 42–43; Uluru–Kata Tjuta National Park, 19, 30, 33, 35–37, 41, 110. See also Heritage landscapes Cultural resources: Exxon Valdez, 46–47, 57, 116n11; fieldwork, 43m; local communities , 13...

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