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211 Ackerman, Alan J. Portable Theatre: American Literature and the Nineteenth-­ Century Stage. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. Adams, Bluford. E Pluribus Barnum: The Great Showman and the Making of U.S. Popular Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997. Adorno, Theodor, and Max Horkheimer. “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception.” In The Dialectic of Enlightenment. New York: Continuum, 1972. 123–71. Altieri, Charles. “Spectacular Anti-­ spectacle: Ecstasy and Nationality in Whitman and His Heirs.” In Ceremonies and Spectacles: Performing American Culture. Ed. Teresa Alves, Teresa Cid, and Heinz Ickstadt. Amsterdam: V.U. University Press, 2000. 289–312. Altman, Janet Gurkin. Epistolarity: Approaches to a Form. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1982. Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso, 1983, 1991. Applegate, Edd. Personalities and Products: A Historical Perspective on Advertising in America. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1998. Arendt, Hannah. The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958. Augst, Thomas. The Clerk’s Tale: Young Men and Moral Life in Nineteenth-­ Century America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. Baker, Houston A., Jr. The Journey Back: Issues in Black Literature and Criticism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980. Baker, Thomas N. Sentiment and Celebrity: Nathaniel Parker Willis and the Trials of Literary Fame. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Baldasty, Gerald. The Commercialization of News in the Nineteenth Century. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992. Bannet, Eve Tavor. Empire of Letters: Letter Manuals and Transatlantic Correspondence, 1688–1820. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Barnum, P. T. Humbugs of the World. New York: Carleton, 1866. ———. The Life of P. T. Barnum, Written by Himself. 1855. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001. ———. Selected Letters of P. T. Barnum. Ed. A. H. Saxon. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983. bibliography �������������� 212 bibliography ———. Struggles and Triumphs; or, Forty Years’ Recollections of P. T. Barnum. 1869. Ed. Carl Bode. New York: Penguin, 1981. Barthes, Roland. Camera Lucida: Reflections on Photography. Trans. Richard Howard. New York: Hill & Wang, 1981. ———. Image, Music, Text. Trans. Stephen Heath. New York: Hill & Wang, 1977. Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. Trans. Sheila Faria Glaser. East Lansing: University of Michigan Press, 1995. Bell, Whitfield Jenks, Jr., ed. Cabinet of Curiosities: Five Episodes in the Evolution of American Museums. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1967. Benhabib, Seyla. “Models of Public Space: Hannah Arendt, the Liberal Tradition, and Jürgen Habermas.” In Calhoun, Habermas and the Public Sphere, 73–98. Benjamin, Walter. Illuminations. Ed. Hannah Arendt. New York: Schocken, 1968. Benstock, Shari. “Authorizing the Autobiographical.” In The Private Self: Theory and Practice of Women’s Autobiographical Writings. Ed. Shari Benstock. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988. 10–33. Bergman, Hans. “Panoramas of New York, 1845–1860.” Prospects 10 (October 1985): 119–37. Berkhofer, Robert F., Jr. The White Man’s Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the Present. New York: Knopf, 1978. Berlant, Lauren. “The Female Woman: Fanny Fern and the Form of Sentiment.” American Literary History 3, no. 3 (Autumn 1991): 429–54. ———, ed. Intimacy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. ———. “National Brands/National Body: Imitation of Life.” In Comparative American Identities: Race, Sex, and Nationality in the Modern Text. Ed. Hortense J. Spillers. New York: Routledge, 1991. 110–40. Bertolini, Vincent J. “Fireside Chastity: The Erotics of Sentimental Bachelorhood in the 1850s.” In Chapman and Hendler, Sentimental Men, 19–42. Bishop, Jonathan. Emerson on the Soul. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1964. Blake, David Haven. Walt Whitman and the Culture of American Celebrity. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2006. Blight, David. Race and Reunion: The Civil War and American Memory. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002. Bode, Carl. The American Lyceum: Town Meeting of the Mind. New York: Oxford University Press, 1956. Bogdan, Robert. Freak Show: Presenting Human Oddities for Amusement and Profit. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. Boorstin, Daniel. The Image; or, What Happened to the American Dream. New York: Atheneum, 1962. Bosco, Ronald A., and Joel Myerson. Emerson in His Own Time: A Biographical Chronicle of His Life, Drawn from Recollections, Interviews, and Memoirs by Family, Friends, and Associates. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2003. bibliography 213 Brand, Dana. The Spectator and the City in Nineteenth-­ Century American Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Brandt, Clare. Eighteenth-­ Century Letters and British Culture. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. Brasher, Thomas L. Whitman as Editor of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1970. Braudy, Leo. The Frenzy of Renown: Fame and Its History. New York...