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263 NOTES CHAPTER 1 LIQUID GOLD 1. Boudreaux telephone interview with author Shaw, December 7, 1999. Additional details from the interview are throughout this chapter. 2. Department of Corrections, “West Florida Parishes Region,” accessed July 13, 2015. http://www.doc.la.gov/wp-content/uploads/statmap/WFPRegion.pdf. 3. Angola Rodeo, “Welcome to the Angola Rodeo,” video, accessed July 13, 2015, http://www.angolarodeo.com/. 4. Baxter-Hyland shipping records, in authors’ possession. 5. UNAIDS, “Prisons and AIDS: UNAIDS Point of View,” accessed July 13, 2015, http://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_asset/prisons-pov_en_0.pdf. 6. American Correctional Association, “Plasmapheresis Centers in Correctional Institutions,” 1984, 2–4, accessed July 13, 2015, https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ Digitization/99209NCJRS.pdf. 7. Donna Shaw, “In 2 Countries, Tracing a Trail of Tainted Blood; Investigators Find the Traffickers Relied on High-Risk Donors: Inmates, Drug Addicts,” Philadelphia Inquirer, December 29, 1995, accessed July 15, 2015, http://articles .philly.com/1995–12–29/news/25667549_1_plasma-products-plasma-industryblood -products. 8. Ibid. 9. Donna Shaw, “Blood Brought from AIDS-Ravaged Africa; Plasma Mislabeled as from Animals Was Sold to an Area Company; There’s No Evidence It Knew What Was Happening,” Philadelphia Inquirer, December 22, 1995, accessed July 15, 2015, http://articles.philly.com/1995–12–22/news/25669483_1_plasma-collectioncenters -armour-officials-blood-system. 10. Donna Shaw, “Offer to Be Rejected in HIV Case; the $640 Million Settlement Is Too Low, Say Leaders of Hemophiliacs Infected by Tainted Drugs,” Philadelphia Inquirer, May 13, 1996, accessed July 15, 2015, http://articles.philly.com/1996–05– 13/news/25627399_1_corey-dubin-hiv-infected-hemophiliacs-blood-clottingproducts . 11. J. S. Taylor, E. Shmunes, and A. W. Holmes, “Hepatitis B in Plasma Fractionation Workers: A Seroepidemiologic Study,” Journal of the American Medical Association 264 NOTES TO PAGES 8–24 230 (6) (Nov. 11, 1974)::850–853, accessed July 15, 2015, http://jama.jamanetwork .com/article.aspx?articleid=358000. 12. Donna Shaw, “On the Trail of Tainted Blood; Hemophiliacs Say U.S. Could Have Prevented Their Contracting AIDS,” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 16, 1995, accessed July 15, 2015, http://articles.philly.com/1995–04–16/news/25685137_1_hemophil iacs-blood-clotting-products-aids-virus. 13. Donna Shaw, “Efforts to Make Blood Products Safer Tied to Competitive Pressures,” Philadelphia Inquirer, July 18, 1995, accessed July 15, 2015, http:// articles.philly.com/1995–07–18/news/25677302_1_hemophiliacs-blood-prod ucts-blood-clotting-medicines. 14. Donna Shaw, “Firm Squelched Findings of Risk of AIDS in Its Medicine; the Local Company Was Told of Risks with Its Blood-Clotting Product; It Kept the Product on the Market,” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 5, 1995, accessed July 15, 2015, http://articles.philly.com/1995–10–05/news/25694624_1_armour-officialsaids -virus-armour-pharmaceutical. Donna Shaw, “Was U.S. Medicine Dumped? Canadians Charge That Armour Sent the Leftover Hemophilia Medicine over Their Border,” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 6, 1995, accessed July 15, 2015, http://articles.philly.com/1995–10–06/news/25696451_1_aids-virus-armourpharmaceutical -hemophiliacs. Donna Shaw, “Firm Did Not Act on AIDS Virus Warning; a Scientist Said Armour’s Method Did Not Kill All the Virus in Its Plasma; Stricter Steps Waited 2 Years,” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 23, 1995, accessed July 15, 2015, http://articles.philly.com/1995–10–23/news/25695035_1_ armour-executives-armour-pharmaceutical-aids-virus. Walt Bogdanich and Eric Koli, “2 Paths of Bayer Drug in 80’s: Riskier Type Went Overseas,” New York Times, May 22, 2003, accessed July 15, 2015, http://www.nytimes .com/2003/05/22/business/2-paths-of-bayer-drug-in-80-s-riskier-one-steeredoverseas .html. 15. Internal corporate documents, in authors’ possession. CHAPTER 2 BEGINNINGS 1. Superior Court of New Jersey, Appellate Division, “State of New Jersey, PlaintiffRespondent , v. William Grunow, Defendant-Appellant,” March 6, 1985, accessed July 15, 2015, http://www.leagle.com/decision/1985440199NJSuper241_1415.xml/ STATE%20v.%20GRUNOW. 2. Rudy Larini, “‘Love Triangle’ Slayer Paroled after 6 Years,” Star-Ledger, February 7, 1990. CHAPTER 3 HOW COULD IT HAPPEN AND NOBODY DID ANYTHING WRONG? 1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Hemophilia Facts,” accessed July 15, 2015, http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hemophilia/facts.html. 2. American Society of Hematology, “Hemophilia: From Plasma to Recombinant Factors,” accessed July 15, 2015, http://www.hematology.org/About/History/50Years /1524.aspx. 265 NOTES TO PAGES 35–40 CHAPTER 4 A HISTORY IGNORED 1. Profiles in Science, National Library of Medicine, “The Charles R. Drew Papers,” accessed July 15, 2015, http://profiles.nlm...


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