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265 Notes CHAPTER 1 1. John Lenger, “The ­Great Debate,” Harvard University Gazette, March 18, 2004. 2. “Lodge vs. Lowell: A Joint Debate on the Covenant of the League of Nations,” Symphony Hall, Boston, March 19, 1919, reprinted from the Boston Eve­ ning Transcript , March 19, 1919. 3. Ibid. (Subsequent debate quotations come from the same document.) 4. John Milton Cooper Jr., Breaking the Heart of the World: Woodrow Wilson and the Fight for the League of Nations (Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 74–84. 5. Dean Rusk is cited in Edward C. Luck, Mixed Messages: American Politics and International Organ­ ization, 1919–1999 (Brookings Institution Press, 1999), p. 61. 6. John Fonte, Sovereignty or Submission: ­ Will Americans Rule Themselves or Be Ruled by ­ Others? (New York: Encounter, 2011); John Bolton, “The Coming War on Sovereignty,” Commentary, March 1, 2009; Steven Groves, “The Importance of Protecting National Sovereignty,” Heritage Foundation, December 8, 2010. 7. The Congressional Sovereignty Caucus was formed in June 2009 by Representatives Doug Lamborn (R-­ Colo.), Scott Garrett (R-­ N.J.), and Thaddeus McCotter (R-­ Mich.). David Weigel, “GOP ‘Sovereignty Caucus’ ­ Battles Obama on Major Treaties ,” Washington In­de­pen­dent, July  1, 2009, http://­lamborn​.­house​.­gov​/­news​/­doc​ 10-3159-7_bm.indd 265 9/11/17 1:10 PM 266 Notes to Pages 9–15 umentsingle​.­aspx​?­DocumentID​ =­ 1093; John Gizzi, “House ‘Sovereignty Caucus’ Aimed at Koh,” ­Human Events, July 13, 2010, http://­lamborn​.­house​.­gov​/­news​/­doc​ umentsingle​.­aspx​?­DocumentID​ =­ 1094; Oliver North, “What ‘Sovereignty’ ­ Really Means,” Fox News, June  26, 2009, www​.­foxnews​.­com​/­story​/­2009​/­06​/­26​/­what​ -­overeignty​-­really​-­means​.­html. 8. Julian Hattem, “Trump Outlines ‘Amer­ i­ ca First’ Foreign Policy,” The Hill, April 27, 2016, http://­thehill​.­com​/­policy​/­national​-­security​/­277854​-­trump​-­outlines​ -­america​-­first​-­foreign​-­policy. 9. Transcript of Trump’s ac­ cep­ tance speech at Cleveland Republican Convention , July 21, 2016, www​.­politico​.­com​/­story​/­2016​/­07​/­full​-­transcript​-­donald​-­trump​ -­nomination​-­acceptance​-­speech​-­at​-­rnc​-­225974​.­ 10. “­ Every decision on trade, on taxes, on immigration, on foreign affairs ­ will be made to benefit American workers and American families,” Trump said in his inauguration speech: www​.­cnbc​.­com​/­2017​/­01​/­20​/­transcript​-­of​-­president​-­trumps​-­inaug​ uration​-­speech​.­html. 11. Miriam Valverde, “­ Here’s What Trump Did in His First Week as President of the United States,” Politifact, January 27, 2017; Max Fisher, “Trump Prepares Executive ­ Orders Aiming at Global Funding and Treaties,” New York Times, January  25, 2017. 12. Frances Stead Sellers and David A. Farenthold, “Why Let ’Em In? Understanding Bannon’s Worldview and the Policies that Follow,” Washington Post, January 31, 2017. 13. See Council for Amer­i­ca, www​.­councilforamerica​.­org​/­; WorldNet Daily, www​.­wnd​.­com​/­. See also American Sovereignty PAC, www​.­americansovereignty​ pac​.­org. 14. On General Jack D. Ripper, see www​.­imdb​.­com​/­character​/­ch0003297​/­quotes. See also Richard Hofstadter, The Paranoid Style in American Politics and Other Essays (Harvard University Press, 1964). 15. Stewart Patrick, “­ Don’t Tread on Me: July 4th and U.S. Sovereignty,” The Internationalist (blog), Council on Foreign Relations, July 1, 2001, http://­ blogs​ .­ cfr​ .­ org​ /­patrick​/­2011​/­07​/­01​/­dont​-­tread​-­on​-­me​-­july​-­4th​-­and​-­u​-­s​-­sovereignty​/­. 16. On this impor­ tant insight, see Christopher Rudolph, “Sovereignty and Territorial Borders in a Global Age,” International Studies Review 7, no. 1 (March 2005), pp. 1–20. 17. See Gerard M. Gallucci, “Time to Begin Thinking about World Government?,” March 18, 2014, posted on the website of the Demo­ cratic World Federalists, www​ .­ dwfed​ .­ org​ /­ ; Thomas G. Weiss, “What Happened to the Idea of World Government?,” International Studies Quarterly 53 (2009), pp. 253–71. 18. My thinking on “sovereignty bargains” draws inspiration from Karen T. Liftin, “Sovereignty in World Ecopolitics,” Mershon International Studies Review (1997), pp. 167–294. See also Bruce Byers, “Ecoregions, State Sovereignty and Conflict,” Bulletin of Peace Proposals 22, no. 1 (1991), pp. 65–76. 10-3159-7_bm.indd 266 9/11/17 1:10 PM Notes to Pages 16–29 267 19. For a similar argument with re­ spect to environmental agreements, see Robert  O. Keohane, Peter M. Haas, and Marc A. Levy, eds., Institutions for the Earth: Sources of Effective International Environmental Protection (MIT Press, 1993). 20. Thomas C. Heller and Abraham D. Sofaer, “Sovereignty: A Practitioner’s Perspective,” in Problematic Sovereignty: Contested Rules and Po­liti­cal Possibilities, edited by Stephen D. Krasner (Columbia University Press, 2001), p. 25; Alan James, Sovereign Statehood: The Basis of International Society...


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