restricted access Acknowledgments
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ix Acknowl­edgments I’ve incurred many intellectual, professional, and personal debts in writing this book, and I offer my sincere thanks to ­ those who inspired me to write it and helped me bring it to fruition. The topic of sovereignty has fascinated me since my first undergraduate class in world politics at Stanford University—­taught by Stephen D. Krasner, who would ­ later write the definitive theoretical work on the concept. That early exposure came in handy two de­cades ­later when I became a fellow on the State Department’s policy planning staff. Its director, Richard  N. Haass, asked me one day to craft a speech on “Sovereignty: Existing Rights, Evolving Responsibilities.” A daunting assignment, given Richard’s reputation as an exacting boss. Some twelve drafts ­ later he pronounced the text acceptable, al­ lowing me to move on to related topics. I spent the next few years analyzing the connection between weak sovereignty in the developing world and trans­ national security threats such as terrorism and infectious disease. What increasingly fascinated me, though, was my own country’s attitude­ toward sovereignty—­ and the often explosive U.S. domestic debates it sparks. I learned just how volatile my fellow Americans’ feelings could run when I 00-3159-7_fm.indd 9 9/11/17 1:09 PM x Acknowl­edgments began directing a program on international institutions and global govern­ ance at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). I received quite a bit of color­ ful email. The most jarring missive had a three-­word subject line: “Sovereignty and Treason.” My correspondent provided stylized definitions of ­ those con­ cepts, and then closed with ­ these cautionary words: “I just want to warn you that if ­ there ­ were ever a change of regime in this country, you might well be brought before a tribunal for the crime of treachery against the United States of Amer­i­ca.” I explained to my new pen pal that he’d misunderstood the motivations­ behind our initiative, which was predicated on cooperation among sovereign states. But I was indebted to him nonetheless. He spurred me to explore how Americans conceive of sovereignty, how ­ those notions have evolved since the republic’s founding, and how they inform U.S. attitudes ­ toward international organ­izations, treaties, alliances, and law. And the deeper I looked, the more I realized that although most Americans regard “sovereignty” as sacred, they often use it to mean very dif­fer­ ent ­ things—­ and talk past each other as a re­ sult. The way out of this predicament begins with realizing that sovereignty has distinct components, and that ­ these ­ don’t always go together. I could not have written this book without the insights of innumerable scholars, whose contributions I reference in my endnotes. I owe a special debt to Marty Finnemore, Michael Barnett, and Miles Kahler, as well as two anony­ mous reviewers, each of whom read the entire manuscript and provided incisive comments. Ted Alden and Matt Waxman, two thoughtful CFR colleagues, critiqued specific chapters. My ideas for the book ­were also enriched by conver­ sations during the annual Prince­ ton workshop on global governance, which I’ve had the privilege to co-­ organize with John Ikenberry, Alan Alexandroff, Bruce Jones, Tom Wright, Keith Porter, and Jennifer Smyser. I ­can’t say enough about my wonderful CFR colleagues, both past and pres­ ent, who offered superb research assistance and editorial advice on this proj­ ect as members of the International Institutions and Global Governance (IIGG) program that I direct. I thank Megan Roberts, my fabulous associate director, and her dynamic pre­ de­ ces­ sor, Isabella Bennett, as well as several talented research associates, including Naomi Egel, Daniel Chardell, Martin Willner, Theresa Lou, Claire Schachter, and Ryan Kaminski, in addition to my wise program coordinator, Terry Mullan. None of my team’s work would have been pos­ si­ ble, of course, without the generous backing of the Robina Foundation, which has supported IIGG since its creation. In January  2017 the Robina Board provided resources to establish the James H. Binger Chair in Global 00-3159-7_fm.indd 10 9/11/17 1:09 PM Acknowl­edgments xi Governance at CFR, an endowed position named for the philanthropist whose bequest created the foundation, and which I am honored to hold. IthanktheCouncil’spresident,Richard N.Haass—mybossasecondtime—­ for supporting this proj­ ect and pushing me to ask the impor­ tant questions. I’m grateful to James  M. Lindsay, vice ­ president and director of the David Rocke...


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