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Notes 393 Editors’ Introduction 1. Eric Voegelin, “Immortality: Experience and Symbol,” in Published Essays, 1966–­1985, CW 30, 52–­ 53. (All references in this Introduction are to volumes in The Collected Works of Eric Voegelin, University of Missouri Press [Columbia and London], 1990–­ 2009.) 2. Eric Voegelin, Order and History, Volume 4: The Ecumenic Age, CW 17, 106. 3. Eric Voegelin, Order and History, Volume 1: Israel and Revelation, CW 14, 24. 4. Eric Voegelin, Selected Correspondence, 1924–­1949, CW 29, 480. Part One: Intellectual Biography 1. English translation in CW, vol. 1.—Ed., Ellis Sandoz. 2. For this text see CW, vol. 23, chap. 6.—Ed., Ellis Sandoz. 3. English translation in CW, vol. 6.—Ed., Ellis Sandoz. 4. Cf. CW, vol. 22, chap. 1.—Ed., Ellis Sandoz. 5. See CW, vol. 23, chap. 5, for the text mentioned.—Ed., Ellis Sandoz. 6. English translation in CW, vol. 32, chaps. 4 and 5.—Ed., Ellis Sandoz. 7. English translation in CW, vol. 4.—Ed., Ellis Sandoz. 8. Per me si va ne la città dolente. I am the way into the city of woe. (John Ciardi translation.) Eds. Part Two: The Philosophical Science of Politics 1. L. W. King and R. C. Thompson, The Sculptures and Inscriptions of Darius the Great on the Rock of Behistun (London, 1907), § LXIII, p. 72. 2. Ibid., § LIV, p. 65. 3. Ibid., § LVIII, p. 68. 4. The Persian original and a French translation of this letter are to be found in Paul Pellior, “Les Mongols et la papauté,” Revue de I’Orient Chrétien 3, 3d ser. (1923). The passage in parentheses is taken from a Latin version of the same letter, published in Chronica Fratris Salimbene, ed. O. Holder-­ Egger, Monumenta Germanica Historica, SS, 32:208. The extant Mongol documents are collected and Unless otherwise noted, the notes in each selection were supplied by Voegelin himself. 394 notes edited in Eric Voegelin, “The Mongol Orders of Submission to European Powers, 1245–­ 1255,” Byzantion 15 (1940–­ 1941). 5. From the Edict of Kuyuk Khan, in Vincent of Beauvais, Speculum Historiale (s.l., 1474), book 31, chaps. 51, 52; Voegelin, The Mongol Orders, 389. 6. Voegelin, The Mongol Orders, 404 ff. 7. Karl Jaspers, Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte (Zurich, 1949), 18 ff. 8. Henri Bergson, Les deux sources de la morale et de la religion (Paris, 1932), passim, esp. 287 ff. 9. Plato Republic 368c–­d. 10. Ibid., 492b. 11. Ibid., 435e. 12. Ibid., 544d–­e. 13. Ibid., 382a. 14. Philosophos and philodoxos distinguished, ibid., 480. 15. Plato Phaedrus 278d–­ e; cf. the complex of Heraclitean fragments B 35, B 40, B 50, B 108 [Diels-­Kranz, Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, 5th ed. (Berlin, 1934–­ 1938)]. 16. Augustine Civitas Dei viii.1. 17. Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 1113a, 29–­ 35. 18. Ibid., 1176a, 17 ff. 19. Aristotle Politics 1286b, 8–­ 21, and 1302a, 2. 20. On the evolution of the meaning of psyche, see Werner Jaeger, The Theology of the Early Greek Philosophers (Oxford, 1947), esp. chap. 5; and Bruno Snell, Die Entdeckung des Geistes: Studien zur Entstehung des europäischen Denkens bei den Griechen (Hamburg, 1948). 21. Plato Laws 716c. 22. Elegy and Iambus (Loeb Classical Library), vol. 1, Solon 16. 23. Ibid., Solon 17. 24. Ibid., Solon 34, vs. 6. 25. Diels-­Kranz, Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, Heraclitus B 54. 26. Ibid., Heraclitus B 18. 27. Ibid., Heraclitus B 86. 28. Ibid., Xenophanes B 23. 29. Jaeger, Theology of the Early Greek Philosophers, chap. 3: “Xenophanes’ Doctrine of God.” 30. Plato Republic 518d–­e. 31. Ibid., 378–­ 79. 32. Ibid., 379a. 33. Ibid., 382a. 34. Ibid., 382b. 35. Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 1167b3–­ 4. 36. Ibid., 1166a1 ff., 1167a22 ff., 1177a12–­ 18, 1177b27–­ 1178a8. 37. Ibid., 1158b29–­ 1159a13. 38. Thomas Aquinas Contra Gentiles iii.91. 395 notes 39. This conception of revelation as well as of its function in a philosophy of history is more fully elaborated in H. Richard Niebuhr, The Meaning of Revelation (New York, 1946), esp. 93, 109 ff. 40. A. D. Sertillanges, Avec Henri Bergson (Paris, 1941). 41. The dependence of a progress of theorizing on the differentiating experiences of transcendence has become a major problem in intellectual history. Theoretical superiority as a factor in the victory of Christianity over paganism in the Roman Empire, for instance, is strongly stressed in Charles N. Cochrane, Christianity and Classical Culture: A Study of Thought and Action from Augustus to Augustine (New York, 1944), esp. chaps. 11 and 12. The technical superiority of...