Index
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263 Index “Abyss, The” (Roethke), 121 “After the Flood” (Sanders), 99 agrarian landscape, 46–47 agribusiness, 96–97 agriculture: Cherokee Indians and, 182– 83, 185–86, 189–91; environmental costs of agribusiness, 96–97; family farms and agrarian landscape, 46– 47; Gruchow on monocultural cultivation , 221; Gruchow on the environmental impact of agricultural expansion , 214–19; Gruchow’s vision of an ecological agriculture, 230; landscape change in the Midwest and, 79–80; Stratton-Porter on the environmental impact of, 51–52 Alaska, 83–84, 234–38 alewives, 4 Algonquin language family, 154 Allegiances (Stafford), 142 “All Morning” (Roethke), 124 “All Together Heave” (Stratton-Porter), 44–45 “American Poet Introduces Himself and His Poems, An” (Roethke), 119–20 American Prairie Reserve, 145 Ammons, A. R., 122 Anasazi ruins, 204 Anishinaabe, 151 Anishinaabe language. See Ojibwemowin Another World Instead (Stafford), 133–34 Appalachian Mountains, 180–83 Armitage, David, 48, 57, 61 asema, 163 Assiniboine Indians, 25 At the Foot of the Rainbow (StrattonPorter ), 46, 54 Audubon, John James: accounts and depictions of Native Americans, 15, 17, 22–23, 24–27; as an environmental historian, 10; biographies of, 11–12; cited by contemporaries, 30; collecting expeditions of, 14; as a conservationist , 9–12, 14, 27–30, 34–38, 44; expertise as a field naturalist, 30–32; hunting and, 10, 33–34; illustration and, 54–55; Missouri River expedition of 1843, 13–14, 15–27, 37; Missouri River journals (see Missouri River journals); opposing views of the legacy of, 10; The Quadrupeds of North America (see Quadrupeds of North America, The); reading of environmental history, 17; reworking by others of the texts of, 11; selfportrayal as the “American Woods­ man,” 12–13; on the slaughter of buffalo and its impact on Native Americans, 24–26, 27; specimen collecting and, 77; on wildlife population decline, 9, 10, 14–16, 17–20, 24–26, 27–30, 32–36, 94 Audubon, Maria Rebecca, 11 Bachman, John, 11, 19, 23, 24 Bailey, Henry Turner, 61 Balakian, Peter, 119, 123 bald cypress, 198 bald eagles, 202 Bandelier National Monument, 203 barges, 25 Barillas, William, 102, 119, 121, 127, 128 Bartram, William, 198 Bay of Fundy, 35 Bear Butte, 225 Berry, Wendell, 118, 157 Bierstadt, Albert, 137 big bluestem, 220 Big Bog, 80, 81, 82 Big Horn Mountains, 229 264 Index Big Woods, 226 birds: agriculture and, Stratton-Porter on, 51–52; Audubon on overhunting, habitat loss, and population decline, 27, 29–30, 32–34, 35; Audubon’s expertise as an observer of, 31–32; Audubon’s opposition to eradication programs, 34; sandhill cranes, 85, 86, 87, 112, 146, 227–28; Stafford on, 146– 47; Stratton-Porter’s illustrations of, 57; William Wood’s accounts of abundance and hunting in early America, 5–6. See also waterfowl Birds of America (Audubon), 12, 29, 32, 55 Birkelo, Cheryl, 48 black bears, 5 blackbirds, 75 Black Elk, 223 Blackfeet Indians, 25 Black Hills, 200 Black River, 198 Blake, William, 121 Blue Mounds, 218, 222 Bodmer, Karl, 16 Boehme, Sarah, 30–31 bogs, 165–66. See also wetlands Books and Islands in Ojibwe Country (Erdrich): on animals of the Ojibwe, 166–67; on bogs and wetlands, 165– 66; connections to place in, 157– 59, 165; cultural restoration and, 151; on the ecological context of Ojibwemowin, 146, 162–63, 165; on Erdrich’s family heritage, 165; exploration of indigenous identity in relation to place, 150–51, 171; language reclamation and Ojibwemowin, 151, 153–55, 156; on Native American language and ecological memory, 155; on Ojibwemowin and spirituality, 159–60; on Ojibwe rock paintings, 151–52, 160, 162, 163–65, 171 (see also Ojibwe rock paintings); on petitioning the spirits of Ojibwemowin, 163; as a pilgrim­ age, 151; significance of Lake of the Woods to the Ojibwe, 153; on travel and environmental imagination , 156–57; trope of return in, 157; on wild rice, 167–68 Boonville (MO), 21 Boundary Waters (Gruchow), 224, 229 Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, 107, 150–51. See also Books and Islands in Ojibwe Country; Lake of the Woods Buell, Lawrence, 23–24, 156, 157 buffalo: hunting by Native Americans, 24–25; restoration efforts, 144–45; in Roethke’s “North American Se­ quence,” 127, 128; significance to Native Americans, Gruchow on, 221–23; in Stafford’s poetry, 140–44 buffalo, destruction of: Audubon on, 24–26, 27; Dodd on, 201; Erdrich on, 169–70; Gruchow on, 221–22; impact on Native Americans, 24–26, 27, 143– 44, 169–70 Buffalo Eddy, 108 buffalo jumps, 25 buffalo traces, 140–41 Building One...