restricted access Appendix II: Aircraft Types
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APPENDIX II AIRCRAFT TYPES The following list is designed to give readers unfamiliar with the aircraft of World War II a sense of the crew size and function of various planes mentioned in the text: A-36 APACHE—ground-attack fighter and dive-bomber, single engine, one pilot. B-17 FLYING FORTRESS—heavy bomber, four engines, crew of ten: pilot, copilot, bombardier or togglier, navigator, flight engineer/topturret gunner, radio operator, two waist gunners (eventually reduced to one), ball-turret gunner, tail gunner. B-24 LIBERATOR—heavy bomber, four engines, crew of ten: pilot, copilot, bombardier or togglier, navigator, flight engineer/top-turret gunner, radio operator, two waist gunners (eventually reduced to one), ball-turret gunner, tail gunner. B-25 MITCHELL—medium bomber, two engines, crew of six: pilot, copilot, bombardier/navigator, flight engineer/top-turret gunner, radio operator/waist gunner, tail gunner. B-26 MARAUDER—medium bomber, two engines, crew of six: pilot, copilot, radio operator, navigator, bomb aimer/nose gunner, dorsal gunner. B-29 SUPERFORTRESS—very heavy bomber, four engines, crew of eleven: pilot, copilot, bombardier, flight engineer, navigator, radio operator, radar observer, right gunner, left gunner, central fire control/top turret, tail gunner. BEAUFORT—torpedo-bomber, two engines, crew of four: pilot, navigator/bomb aimer, wireless operator, rear gunner. BLENHEIM—light bomber, two engines, crew of three: pilot, navigator/ bombardier, radio operator/gunner. 108 : appendix ii BOSTON—British designation for A-20 HAVOC twin-engine light bomber, crew of three: pilot, navigator/bombardier, radio operator/ gunner. DEFIANT—fighter, single engine, crew of two: pilot, gunner. F4F WILDCAT—fighter, single engine, single pilot. F4U CORSAIR—fighter, single engine, single pilot. F6F HELLCAT—fighter, single engine, single pilot. FM2—late-model F4F. HALIFAX—heavy bomber, four engines, crew of seven: pilot, flight engineer, bomb aimer, navigator, radio operator, mid-upper gunner, tail gunner. HAMPDEN—medium bomber, two engines, crew of four: pilot, navigator/bomb aimer, radio operator/dorsal gunner, ventral gunner. HURRICANE—fighter, single engine, single pilot. LANCASTER—heavy bomber, four engines, crew of seven: pilot, flight engineer, bomb aimer, navigator, radio operator, mid-upper gunner, tail gunner. MANCHESTER—heavy bomber, two engines, crew of seven: pilot, flight engineer, bomb aimer, navigator, radio operator, mid-upper gunner, tail gunner. MOSQUITO—light bomber/night fighter, two engines, crew of two: pilot, navigator. P-38 LIGHTNING—fighter, two engines, single pilot. P-39 AIRACOBRA—fighter, single engine, single pilot. P-40 WARHAWK—fighter/fighter-bomber, single engine, single pilot. P-47 THUNDERBOLT—fighter/fighter-bomber, single engine, single pilot. P-51 MUSTANG—fighter, single engine, single pilot. PB4Y-2 PRIVATEER—patrol bomber, four engines, crew of eleven: two pilots, navigator, bombardier, two radio operators, five gunners. SB2C HELLDIVER—dive-bomber, single engine, crew of two: pilot, radio operator/gunner. SBD DAUNTLESS—dive-bomber, single engine, crew of two: pilot, gunner. SPITFIRE—fighter, single engine, single pilot. STIRLING—heavy bomber, four engines, crew of seven: two pilots, flight engineer, navigator/bomb aimer, radio operator/front gunner, mid-upper gunner, rear gunner. aircraft types : 109 SWORDFISH—torpedo-bomber, single engine, crew of three: pilot, observer, radio operator/gunner. TBD DEVASTATOR—torpedo-bomber, single engine, crew of three: pilot, navigator, radioman/gunner. TBF AVENGER—torpedo-bomber, single engine, crew of three: pilot, turret gunner, radioman/bombardier/ventral gunner. TYPHOON—fighter-bomber, single engine, single pilot. WELLINGTON—medium bomber, two engines, crew of six: pilot, copilot, navigator/bomb aimer, radio operator, nose gunner, rear gunner. WHITLEY—medium bomber, two engines, crew of five: pilot, second pilot/navigator, radio operator, bomb aimer/nose gunner, rear gunner. This page intentionally left blank ...


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