Index
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381 Index Italic page numbers denote illustrations. Abramovich, Igor, 88, 137 Abramovich, Mara, 245 Abramovich, Pavel (Pasha): army conscription threat and, 112–13; exit visas for, 290; on Hebrew language, 13–14; Hebrew teaching by, 118; hunger strikes by, 124; Intercity Hebrew Seminars and, 236; international cultural symposium and, 196, 197, 201, 202; KGB visits and, 186; kulturniki and, 178, 180, 189; life and activities of, 363n59; photograph of, 171; VKK and, 63; “Week of Hebrew” program and, 227, 228 Academy of Sciences, 213 activists: alternative historical model of, 5, 7–8; behind-the-scenes coordinator of, 4–5, 338–39n9; courage and persistence of, 319; divisions within, 177–90; early leaders of, 47, 347n46; Georgian, 29, 56, 306, 370n87; Kharkov, 112, 223, 264, 283; Kiev, 29, 63, 231–32; Kishinev, 63, 161, 223; Yuli Kosharovsky’s history of, 16–18; Latvian, 301–2, 306; life for, xvi–xvii; Lithuanian, 8–9, 306, 340n30; memoirs and interviews of, 4–5; Minsk, 29, 303; networks of, 5; personalized histories of, 15; Sverdlovsk , 29, 80, 82, 104–5, 113, 161. See also kulturniki; Leningrad activists; Moscow activists; politiki; refuseniks; Riga activists; rights activists; Ukrainian activists; Zionist activists administrative violations, 111, 229, 235–36, 368n41 “Adopt-a-Family” program, 159 Afghanistan: invasion of, 154, 229, 230, 233, 249, 332; withdrawal from, 278 Aftenposten blat (newspaper), 70 agricultural fair (Moscow, 1966), 29 Aguda (Agudath Yisrael), 147, 148 Agursky, Mikhail, 187 Ahss, Yosif, 165–67, 359n101 Ainbinder, Boris (Baruch): arrest of, 125; disillusionment of, xv; Hebrew study by, 120; on Hebrew telephone channels , 124–25; hunger strikes by, 124; life and activities of, 346n34; orders for army service, 112–13; photograph of, 84; Six-Day War and, 39 Ainbinder, Marianna, 84 Ainbinder, Polina, 227 Ainbinder, Svetlana, 174 airplane hijacking plot (1970), 70–77, 78, 350n92, 350nn94–95, 350–51n98. See also Leningrad hijacking trials Aivrim (Haivrim), 124, 126, 355n55 382  |  Index Aks, Vladimir (Volodia), 106, 108, 352n18 Albrekht, Vladimir (Volodia), 189, 222, 275, 362n50 Aleksandrovich, Ruth, 47, 56, 77–80, 351n99 Alekseev (Alexeyeva), Liudmila (Lyudmila ), 16–17, 205–7, 208, 360n11 Alidin, Viktor Ivanovich, 185, 360n8 aliya: Drabkin on, 53; increase in (1989), 291, 369n56; mass, 312–19; politiki on, 179; preparation for, 8; Riga round­ table meetings on, 306; Vladimir Slepak on, 96; statistics on, 318, 323–24, 371nn105–6; Vaad and, 311; Western support for, 4. See also emigration and emigrants; emigration rights All-Union Coordinating Committee. See VKK Alpert, Yakov, 237 Altman, Anatoly (Tolia), 162, 174 Amalrik, Andrei, 49, 205–7 American Export-Import Bank, 113 American Jewish Committee, 54 American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. See Joint Distribution Committee American Jews. See Western Jews Amin, Hafizullah, 229 amnesty, 92 “Am Yisrael Chai!” (The Jewish people lives) slogan, 3, 337n2 ancient Egypt, 319 Andropov, Yuri: airplane hijacking plot and, 76; appointment of, 333; decrease in emigration and, 230, 249–50; on exit visas for leaders, 91; Stanislav Korolev on, 187; letter to, 107, 236; VKK and, 63 Ansky, S., 13 anti-Israel propaganda: increase in, 29, 39; protests against, 328; Six-Day War’s impact on, 32, 39–40, 46, 181 anti-Semitism: assimilated Jews and, 309; “black years” and, 21, 342n2; increase in, 237, 291, 335, 364n69; Jewish Cultural Association and, 297, 369n63; Mikhail Kosharovsky and, 34–35; Lenin on, 14; mass emigration and, 312; Pamiat organization and, 16, 280, 281, 307, 342–43n51; perestroika and, 280, 302; in post-Soviet countries, 317; Vladimir Prestin on, 102; Riga roundtable meetings and, 306, 307; Six-Day War’s impact on, 39–40; Alexander Smukler on, 316; in Ukraine, 307; Yevtushenko ’s “Babii Yar” and, 28 anti-Soviet activity: arrests for, 25, 274–75; Article 90 and, 153, 154; avoidance of, 4, 338n7; charges of, 46, 80; Riga trial for, 78, 79; Arkady Shpilberg and, 80 anti-Zionism: Andropov and, 249–50; First Brussels Conference of 1971 and, 90–91; increase in, 237, 364n69; newspaper articles as, 208; Nixon-Brezhnev summit and, 111–13; Six-Day War and, xv; Traders of Souls (film) as, 208, 209; trials for, 242 Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public, 274, 333, 367n24 “Approach of the Visage, The” (Krivulin), 10 Aramaic, 149, 365n8 Arbatov, Georgy, 117 armed conflicts, in post-Soviet countries, 317–18 army conscription, 42–43, 112–13, 276, 283 Aronovich, Yuli, 112 Aronzon, Leonid, 10, 341n38 arrests: for administrative violations, 235–36; airplane hijacking plot and, 70; “black years” and, 21–22; “Doctors’ Index  |  383 Plot” and, 21; increase in (1980–83), 237–42; during...


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