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Contents Figures     ix Preface: The White Boy Listens to Gangsta Rap     xi Acknowledgments     xvii Introduction: Rhetoric, Race, and Gangsta Rap in the War-­ on-­ Crime Era     1 1. The Horrors and Heroics of Crime; or, Mapping the Mark of Criminality     10 2. Parody, Space, and Violence in NWA’s Straight Outta Compton     33 3. Leisure, Style, and Terror in the G-­ Funk Era     61 4. The Politics, Commerce, and Rage of “Thug Life”     88 Conclusion: A Politics of Criminality?     113 Notes     127 Bibliography     159 Index     181 ...