Index
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Index Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations abandonments, territorial, because of epidemics , 59 Abora and Abora II and III (experimental Bolivian bundle sailing raft-­ boats),­223–24 absences (as implying lack of contact): of artifacts, 103–19; asymmetry of hemispheric , 101–2; of cultivated plants, 73– 79; of culture traits, 80–94; of domesticated animals, 71–73 Abulfeda (Ab al-­ Fid), 30 Abydos (Abdju) site of Egypt, archaeological ships from, 210 acacia wood, 210 Academy of Gundishapur, Persia, 29–30 Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico, 35 acculturation, 100 Acheulian tools, 171 Aczel, Amin D., 99, 233–35 Adam of Bremen, 42 adaptation, cultural. See evolution Admiralty Islands, 52; Manus Island, 170 adoption of novel culture traits, condition­ ing factors for, 75–78, 99 adventure-­ seeking, as a motive for movements , 272–74 Aegean Sea, 213, 230, 259, 263 Aegir (archaeological Norse ship; experimental Norse ship), 156 Aelian (Claudius Aelianus), 132 Afghanistan: bundle rafts in, 183; Taliban’s destruction of Buddha sculptures in Bamian Valley, 97 Africa: Central, 317, 355; circumnavigation of by Phoenicians, 42, 230; coastal erosion of Portuguese monuments, 111; East, 106, 196; Horn of/Northeast, 22, 211, 213; migration of younger brothers to establish rule elsewhere, 269; North (See Africa, North); penis sheaths (phallocrypts), bottle-­ gourd, 317; West (See ­ Africa, West). See also Africa, sub-­ Saharan; slaves; in­di­vidual countries, cultures , places, sites, peoples, and persons Africa, North: animals domesticated in early times, 71; bundle rafts, 183; subsidence along the littoral, 260; technologies of, 96. See also petroglyphs and pictographs (rock art); in­di­vidual countries, cultures, places, sites, peoples, and persons Africa, sub-­ Saharan: bark canoes, 196; cultural absences in, 84, 96; dugout­ canoes, 135; malaguetta peppers as export from, 312. See also Africa; petroglyphs and pictographs (rock art); in­di­ vidual cultures, countries Africa, West: absence of technologies in, 89, 96; distance from to Brazil, 15, 22, 24, 230; early explorations of coast of, 28, 42, 53; transatlantic drift of refugees from Barbados, 52. See also in­di­vidual countries 462 / Index Afro-­ Asiatic language family, 346. See also in­di­vidual languages Afroeurasia, 345. See also in­di­vidual continents , cultures, countries, places, sites, peoples, and persons Against the Gods (Peter L. Bernstein), 278 agave, 138, 312–13 Age of Imperialism, European, 268 agriculture: communal, 78; ­ intensification of, 57; inventionist versus diffusionist view of, 327–28; lack of incentives for development of, 369n26; origins of, 327–28. See also in­di­vidual domesticates Aileach (experimental Irish galley), 383n29 Ailly, Pierre d’, 27, 29 aini wood, 165 Ainu, 332, 346, 351–53, 396n13. See also Ainu-­Austaloids Ainu-­ Australoids, 346, 353. See also Ainu Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra, India, ship­ depicted in fresco, 156 Åkerblom, Kjell, 39 Akkadian culture and Akkadians. See Gilgamesh , legend of Akrotiri site, Santorini (Thera) island, Greece: archaeological beetles at, 321; ship frescos at, 213–14 Alaska, state of, USA: castaway Asians living among coastal Indians of, 56; Mount Redoubt, 22; Seward Peninsula, Zhou Chinese bronze buckle found on, 113; Southeast, 56, 138–39; whale hunting, 193. See also Beringia; straits; in­di­vidual places, peoples, and sites Albegna wreck, Roman, off Genoa, 155, 209 Albertus Magnus, 29 Albinovanus Pedo, 374n10 al-­ Bīrūnī (Abū Ray’ān Mu’ammad ibn A’mad Al-­ Bīrūnī), 30, 36 Albright, William F., 114 alcoholic beverages, 97; wine, 44, 73, 97, 148. See also distilling; fermentation; still Alemmanic burials, Germany, nicotine resi­ dues, 325 Aleutian Islands, 20–22, 137, 246; Anagula Island, 22. See also Aleuts; Commander Islands Aleuts, 193. See also Aleutian Islands Alexander “the Great,” King of Macedon, 123, 130, 132, 149, 243 Alexandria, Egypt: earthquakes and tsunami of AD 365, 124, 260; Great Library of, 123–24; prime meridian, 241 Alfraganus (al-­ Farghn), 30 Alfred Wallace (experimental Kei Islands prahu), 228 Algeria: disappearance of turned pottery, 98; petroglyphs, 84, 174 Algonkian-­ speaking Indians and languages, 350, 380n1 almadías (canoes), 48 Almagest. See Mathematical Syntaxis almanac, sidereal, 254 al-­Mas’ūdī (Abu al-­ Hasan ’Alī ibn al-­ Husayn ibn ’Alī al-­ Mas’ ūdī), 30, 134, 276 alpaca, 72–73 Alsar, Vital, 220–21 al-­ ’Umarī, Shihāb al-­ Dīn Ahmad ibn Yahyá ibn Fadl Allāh, 135 Alva Cortés Ixtlilxóchitl, Fernando de, 139 Álvarez, Ticul, 288 amaranth, grain: as a crop, 78; evidence for in Asia, 310–11 Amazon River and Basin: Amazonian Brazil, 148; blood factors of peoples in, 344–45, 347, 352; blowgun and dart, 105; lowlands, roads in, 85; resemblance’s of peoples of to...