Canopy specialists
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Trumpeter Hornbill L: 66 cm (26") A strikingly large, mostly black hornbill with a white belly, rump, underwing coverts, and trailing edge to the wing . It is easily identified by the huge grey-brown casque above the bill, longer in the male, and pinkish naked skin around the eye . Pairs and small groups are locally common in riverine forest fringes of larger rivers in Kruger, and it is particularly numerous at Pafuri . Its presence is often first detected by far-carrying, baby-like wailing “whaaaaaa waa waa” calls . This hornbill is mostly a fruit-eater, favouring the fruits of jackalberries, figs and ironwoods, but also catches invertebrates and small vertebrates, particularly when feeding young chicks that need additional protein as they develop . Canopy specialists female male 168 NarinaTrogon L: 32 cm (13") Trogons are secretive, long-tailed, large-headed, upright birds of the lower forest canopy . This spectacular species is mostly iridescent green, with a scarlet belly and broad yellow bill . The male has a green face and throat (brown on the female) . The Narina Trogon is an uncommon resident in its riverine forest and thicket habitat, with a population of approximately 500 individuals in Kruger . The far north (Pafuri–Limpopo) and the Sabie River are the best areas to search . It sits upright and stationary in the forest canopy, watching for prey and then flying fast and direct to a new perch, showing a white underside to the tail . Territorial males give a series of soft, deep and throaty “huooo-huooo” calls, with more emphasis on the second syllable, particularly during the breeding season in the spring and summer (September– Februrary) . This trogon competes with woodpeckers, barbets, woodhoopoes, oxpeckers, glossy-starlings and hornbills for nest holes . BIRDS OF FORESTS AND RIVERINE THICKET male female male 169 ...