restricted access Common camp residents
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Black-headed Oriole L: 20–24 cm (8–9") Despite their bright plumage, orioles have an amazing ability to hide away in dense foliage . This spectacular, mostly golden-yellow bird has a black head and pink-orange bill; the wings and tail have splashes of black and white; juveniles have a dirty olive-brown hood and bill . This common Kruger resident is conspicuous in camps, where it feeds on insects, fruit and nectar, often drawing attention with a musical and liquid “wholeuooo” call . Dark-capped Bulbul L: 18 cm (7") Bulbuls are upright birds with slight crests, rather stout bills and loud, musical songs . Greenbuls and brownbuls (see page 170) are members of the same family but are generally larger and less conspicuous . This slender, grey-brown bird with a pale belly, conspicuous yellow vent, black face, and a scruffy crest is an abundant resident in Kruger, and one of the commonest birds across much of Africa . From dawn till dusk they can be seen, sometimes in small groups, giving a loud, cheerful variable “quick-chop-toquick” song . The Dark-capped Bulbul is highly vigilant and is often the first species to find snakes, owls or similar dangers, attracting other mobbing birds with a loud nasal “kik-kikkik ” alarm call . It feeds primarily on fruits but may also take invertebrates . KurrichaneThrush L: 21 cm (8") Thrushes are long-tailed, rounded, large-headed birds that often sing from elevated perches and hop, run or shuffle on the ground when feeding . The Kurrichane Thrush is grey-olive with a white belly and buff flanks . Adults have a distinctive bright orange bill and eye-ring, and a pale throat with broad black moustachial streaks; juveniles have black-spotted underparts and a dusky-orange bill . This is a common and widespread resident in Kruger, inhabiting open woodlands, including camps, where it runs on the ground, foraging for mainly invertebrate food . It sings a series of varied fluted notes and whistles, and is known to mimic the sounds of other birds . A mixed assemblage of birds from various families that are most frequently encountered in the well-watered gardens of Kruger’s camps. Common camp residents: 1 118 BIRDS OF BROADLEAVED WOODLAND AND CAMPS dark-capped bulbul black-headed oriole 119 CapeWhite-eye L: 12 cm (4·5") This small, active, yellow-green, warbler-like bird has an obvious white eye-ring . In most of Kruger it is unmistakable, but along the Levuvu and Limpopo rivers in the far north, it overlaps with the very similar, but much rarer, Yellow White-eye (not illustrated) . As its name suggests, the Yellow White-eye differs by having more intense yellow underparts and a yellow forehead . The Cape White-eye is a very common resident throughout Kruger, where it occurs in most habitats in single-species or mixed foraging flocks feeding on nectar, fruits and small invertebrates . A sweet, rolling, reedy warble is often the first sign of its presence . House Sparrow L: 15 cm (6") The male House Sparrow has a black bib, a grey crown with brown sides, streaky chestnut-and-brown back and wings, and a prominent white fleck on the shoulder . Females and juveniles are much drabber: brown and grey with a streaky back, shoulders and wings . Both sexes are unstreaked grey below . The House Sparrow is a common resident throughout Kruger, especially close to humans, including in camps and picnic areas . It gives an incessant “chirrup” call that will be familiar to most of the world’s city residents . It feeds on seeds, invertebrates and nectar, but is also one of the primary beneficiaries of human-created waste and food . Southern Grey-headed Sparrow L: 15 cm (6") This sparrow has a plain grey head and underparts, and a brown rump, mantle and wings, with a variable (sometimes absent) white wingbar below the shoulders . The stout bill is black in the breeding season, but otherwise horn-coloured . It is a common resident throughout Kruger, equally happy in natural woodland and near human habitation, feeding on seeds, insects, and human discards . The calls are a series of simple, repetitive chipping notes . It nests in a variety of cavities, including in buildings and disused swallow nests, and is parasitized by Diederik Cuckoo (page 90) . Sparrows are small, weaver-like, stout-billed birds. Common camp residents: 2 120 BIRDS OF BROADLEAVED WOODLAND AND CAMPS southern grey-headed sparrow house sparrow male female 121 ...